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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Germanium vs Terbium

Compare Germanium and Terbium

Compare Germanium and Terbium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Germanium vs Terbium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Ge vs Tb on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Germanium
32
Ge
72.64
Solid
Gray
metalloid
14
carbon family 
4
p
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2
938.3 °C
2820 °C
2, 8, 18, 4
CAS7440-56-4
Neighborhood Elements of Germanium
Terbium
65
Tb
158.92534
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 4f9 6s2
1356 °C
3230 °C
2, 8, 18, 27, 8, 2
CAS7440-27-9
Neighborhood Elements of Terbium

History

History
The element Germanium was discovered by Clemens Winkler in year 1886 in Germany. Germanium derived its name from from Germania, the Latin name for Germany
The element Terbium was discovered by Carl Gustaf Mosander in year 1843 in Sweden. Terbium derived its name derived its name from from Ytterby, Sweden

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
2e-07
2e-07
2.1e-05
1.4e-06
6×10-9%
N/A
5×10-8%
1×10-8%
3.9×10-6%
9.3e-07
1.4×10-11%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

125 pm
13.646439977456 cm3
122 pm
N/A
2.2
germanium Spectrum
565.75, 565.75, 565.75 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

germanium Crystal Structure
225 pm
19.336335320599 cm3
N/A
N/A
23
terbium Spectrum
360.1, 360.1, 569.36 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

terbium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
32
32
32
72.64
40.64
2, 8, 18, 4
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2
4s2 4p2
-4;-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
germanium Shells
65
65
65
158.92534
93.92534
2, 8, 18, 27, 8, 2
[Xe] 4f9 6s2
4f9 6s2
 1;2;3;4
6H15/2
terbium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
70Ge, 72Ge, 73Ge, 74Ge.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
159Tb.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

4
2.01
119 kJ/mol
762, 1537.5, 3302.1, 4411, 9020 kJ/mol
3
N/A
50 kJ/mol
565.8, 1110, 2114, 3839 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

5.323 g/cm3
13.646439977456

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

6 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

2×103 S/m
0.0005 m Ω
N/A

 

60 W/(m K)
6×10-6 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.5×10-9
-1.09×10-10
-7.98×10-6

 

N/A

 

5.4×103 m/s
8.219 g/cm3
19.336335320599

 

56 GPa
22 GPa
38.7 GPa
0.26


 

N/A
863 MPa
677 MPa

 

8.3×105 S/m
1.2×10-6 m Ω
N/A

 

11 W/(m K)
0.0000103 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
222 K
1.36e-05
2.161385×10-6
0.1117784

 

N/A

 

2620 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

938.3 °C
2820 °C
N/A
N/A

 

31.8 kJ/mol
334 kJ/mol
-536 J/(kg K)
1356 °C
3230 °C
N/A
N/A

 

10.8 kJ/mol
295 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-56-4
RTECSLY5200000
4.1
3089
N/A
0
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-27-9
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A