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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Germanium vs Neon

Compare Germanium and Neon

Compare Germanium and Neon on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Germanium vs Neon with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Ge vs Ne on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Germanium
32
Ge
72.64
Solid
Gray
metalloid
14
carbon family 
4
p
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2
938.3 °C
2820 °C
2, 8, 18, 4
CAS7440-56-4
Neighborhood Elements of Germanium
Neon
10
Ne
20.1797
Gas
Colorless
noble gas
18
helium family or neon family 
2
p
[He] 2s2 2p6
-248.59 °C
-246.08 °C
2, 8
CAS7440-01-9
Neighborhood Elements of Neon

History

History
The element Germanium was discovered by Clemens Winkler in year 1886 in Germany. Germanium derived its name from from Germania, the Latin name for Germany
The element Neon was discovered by Morris Travers in year 1898 in United Kingdom. Neon derived its name derived its name from from the Greek neos, meaning 'new'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
2e-07
2e-07
2.1e-05
1.4e-06
6×10-9%
N/A
0.0013
0.001
N/A
3×10-7%
1.2×10-8%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

125 pm
13.646439977456 cm3
122 pm
N/A
2.2
germanium Spectrum
565.75, 565.75, 565.75 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

germanium Crystal Structure
38 pm
22.421888888889 cm3
69 pm
154 pm
0.04
neon Spectrum
442.9, 442.9, 442.9 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

neon Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
32
32
32
72.64
40.64
2, 8, 18, 4
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2
4s2 4p2
-4;-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
germanium Shells
10
10
10
20.1797
10.1797
2, 8
[He] 2s2 2p6
2s2 2p6
 
1S0
neon Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
70Ge, 72Ge, 73Ge, 74Ge.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
20Ne, 21Ne, 22Ne.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

4
2.01
119 kJ/mol
762, 1537.5, 3302.1, 4411, 9020 kJ/mol
0
N/A
0 kJ/mol
2080.7, 3952.3, 6122, 9371, 12177, 15238, 19999, 23069.5, 115379.5, 131432 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

5.323 g/cm3
13.646439977456

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

6 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

2×103 S/m
0.0005 m Ω
N/A

 

60 W/(m K)
6×10-6 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.5×10-9
-1.09×10-10
-7.98×10-6

 

N/A

 

5.4×103 m/s
0.9 g/l
22.421888888889

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

0.0491 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-4.1×10-9
-8.27×10-11
-3.69×10-9

 

1.000067

 

936 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

938.3 °C
2820 °C
N/A
N/A

 

31.8 kJ/mol
334 kJ/mol
-536 J/(kg K)
-248.59 °C
-246.08 °C
44.4 K
N/A

 

0.34 kJ/mol
1.75 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-56-4
RTECSLY5200000
4.1
3089
N/A
0
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-01-9
RTECSQP4450000
2.2
1913
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A