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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Germanium vs Manganese

Compare Germanium and Manganese

Compare Germanium and Manganese on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Germanium vs Manganese with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Ge vs Mn on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Germanium
32
Ge
72.64
Solid
Gray
metalloid
14
carbon family 
4
p
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2
938.3 °C
2820 °C
2, 8, 18, 4
CAS7440-56-4
Neighborhood Elements of Germanium
Manganese
25
Mn
54.938049
Solid
Silver
transition metal
7
manganese family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d5 4s2
1246 °C
2061 °C
2, 8, 13, 2
CAS7439-96-5
Neighborhood Elements of Manganese

History

History
The element Germanium was discovered by Clemens Winkler in year 1886 in Germany. Germanium derived its name from from Germania, the Latin name for Germany
The element Manganese was discovered by Torbern Olof Bergman in year 1774 in Sweden. Manganese derived its name derived its name from corrupted from magnesia negra, see Magnesium

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
2e-07
2e-07
2.1e-05
1.4e-06
6×10-9%
N/A
8e-06
1e-05
0.0027
0.0011
2×10-7%
2e-07

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

125 pm
13.646439977456 cm3
122 pm
N/A
2.2
germanium Spectrum
565.75, 565.75, 565.75 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

germanium Crystal Structure
161 pm
7.3544911646586 cm3
139 pm
N/A
13.3
manganese Spectrum
891.25, 891.25, 891.25 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
I_ 43m
217

Body Centered Cubic

manganese Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
32
32
32
72.64
40.64
2, 8, 18, 4
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2
4s2 4p2
-4;-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
germanium Shells
25
25
25
54.938049
29.938049
2, 8, 13, 2
[Ar] 3d5 4s2
3d5 4s2
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5;6;7
6S5/2
manganese Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
70Ge, 72Ge, 73Ge, 74Ge.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
55Mn.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

4
2.01
119 kJ/mol
762, 1537.5, 3302.1, 4411, 9020 kJ/mol
4
1.55
0 kJ/mol
717.3, 1509, 3248, 4940, 6990, 9220, 1.15×104, 18770, 2.14×104, 23960, 27590, 30330, 33150, 38880, 41987, 109480, 1.181×105, 1.271×105, 1.386×105, 1.485×105, 1.586×105 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

5.323 g/cm3
13.646439977456

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

6 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

2×103 S/m
0.0005 m Ω
N/A

 

60 W/(m K)
6×10-6 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.5×10-9
-1.09×10-10
-7.98×10-6

 

N/A

 

5.4×103 m/s
7.47 g/cm3
7.3544911646586

 

198 GPa
N/A
120 GPa
N/A


 

6 MPa
N/A
196 MPa

 

6.2×105 S/m
1.6×10-6 m Ω
N/A

 

7.8 W/(m K)
0.0000217 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.21×10-7
6.6475×10-9
0.00090387

 

N/A

 

5150 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

938.3 °C
2820 °C
N/A
N/A

 

31.8 kJ/mol
334 kJ/mol
-536 J/(kg K)
1246 °C
2061 °C
N/A
N/A

 

13.2 kJ/mol
220 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-56-4
RTECSLY5200000
4.1
3089
N/A
0
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7439-96-5
N/A
4.1
3089
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A