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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Germanium vs Iridium

Compare Germanium and Iridium

Compare Germanium and Iridium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Germanium vs Iridium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Ge vs Ir on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Germanium
32
Ge
72.64
Solid
Gray
metalloid
14
carbon family 
4
p
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2
938.3 °C
2820 °C
2, 8, 18, 4
CAS7440-56-4
Neighborhood Elements of Germanium
Iridium
77
Ir
192.217
Solid
Silver
transition metal
9
cobalt family 
6
d
[Xe] 4f14 5d7 6s2
2466 °C
4428 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 15, 2
CAS7439-88-5
Neighborhood Elements of Iridium

History

History
The element Germanium was discovered by Clemens Winkler in year 1886 in Germany. Germanium derived its name from from Germania, the Latin name for Germany
The element Iridium was discovered by Smithson Tennant in year 1803 in France and United Kingdom. Iridium derived its name derived its name from from Iris, the Greek goddess of the rainbow

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
2e-07
2e-07
2.1e-05
1.4e-06
6×10-9%
N/A
2×10-7%
2×10-7%
5.4e-07
4×10-8%
N/A
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

125 pm
13.646439977456 cm3
122 pm
N/A
2.2
germanium Spectrum
565.75, 565.75, 565.75 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

germanium Crystal Structure
180 pm
8.5202570921986 cm3
137 pm
N/A
425
iridium Spectrum
383.9, 383.9, 383.9 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

iridium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
32
32
32
72.64
40.64
2, 8, 18, 4
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2
4s2 4p2
-4;-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
germanium Shells
77
77
77
192.217
115.217
2, 8, 18, 32, 15, 2
[Xe] 4f14 5d7 6s2
5d7 6s2
-3;-1  1;2;3;4;5;6;7;8;9
4F9/2
iridium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
70Ge, 72Ge, 73Ge, 74Ge.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
191Ir, 193Ir.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

4
2.01
119 kJ/mol
762, 1537.5, 3302.1, 4411, 9020 kJ/mol
6
2.2
151 kJ/mol
880, 1.6×103 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

5.323 g/cm3
13.646439977456

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

6 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

2×103 S/m
0.0005 m Ω
N/A

 

60 W/(m K)
6×10-6 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.5×10-9
-1.09×10-10
-7.98×10-6

 

N/A

 

5.4×103 m/s
22.56 g/cm3
8.5202570921986

 

528 GPa
210 GPa
320 GPa
0.26


 

6.5 MPa
1760 MPa
1670 MPa

 

2.1×107 S/m
4.7×10-8 m Ω
0.11

 

150 W/(m K)
6.4×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.67×10-9
3.21×10-10
3.77e-05

 

N/A

 

4825 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

938.3 °C
2820 °C
N/A
N/A

 

31.8 kJ/mol
334 kJ/mol
-536 J/(kg K)
2466 °C
4428 °C
N/A
0.11

 

26 kJ/mol
560 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-56-4
RTECSLY5200000
4.1
3089
N/A
0
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7439-88-5
N/A
4.1
3089
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A