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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Germanium vs Barium

Compare Germanium and Barium

Compare Germanium and Barium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Germanium vs Barium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Ge vs Ba on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Germanium
32
Ge
72.64
Solid
Gray
metalloid
14
carbon family 
4
p
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2
938.3 °C
2820 °C
2, 8, 18, 4
CAS7440-56-4
Neighborhood Elements of Germanium
Barium
56
Ba
137.327
Solid
Silver
alkaline earth metal
2
beryllium family 
6
s
[Xe] 6s2
727 °C
1870 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 8, 2
CAS7440-39-3
Neighborhood Elements of Barium

History

History
The element Germanium was discovered by Clemens Winkler in year 1886 in Germany. Germanium derived its name from from Germania, the Latin name for Germany
The element Barium was discovered by Carl Wilhelm Scheele in year 1808 in United Kingdom. Barium derived its name derived its name from from the Greek barys, meaning 'heavy'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
2e-07
2e-07
2.1e-05
1.4e-06
6×10-9%
N/A
1×10-6%
1×10-6%
2.7e-06
0.00034
3×10-6%
3e-07

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

125 pm
13.646439977456 cm3
122 pm
N/A
2.2
germanium Spectrum
565.75, 565.75, 565.75 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

germanium Crystal Structure
253 pm
39.124501424501 cm3
198 pm
N/A
1.3
barium Spectrum
502.8, 502.8, 502.8 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

barium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
32
32
32
72.64
40.64
2, 8, 18, 4
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2
4s2 4p2
-4;-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
germanium Shells
56
56
56
137.327
81.327
2, 8, 18, 18, 8, 2
[Xe] 6s2
6s2
 1;2
1S0
barium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
70Ge, 72Ge, 73Ge, 74Ge.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
130Ba, 132Ba, 134Ba, 135Ba, 136Ba, 137Ba, 138Ba.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

4
2.01
119 kJ/mol
762, 1537.5, 3302.1, 4411, 9020 kJ/mol
2
0.89
13.95 kJ/mol
502.9, 965.2, 3.6×103 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

5.323 g/cm3
13.646439977456

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

6 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

2×103 S/m
0.0005 m Ω
N/A

 

60 W/(m K)
6×10-6 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.5×10-9
-1.09×10-10
-7.98×10-6

 

N/A

 

5.4×103 m/s
3.51 g/cm3
39.124501424501

 

13 GPa
4.9 GPa
9.6 GPa
N/A


 

1.25 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

2.9×106 S/m
3.5×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

18 W/(m K)
0.0000206 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.13×10-8
1.552×10-9
3.966e-05

 

N/A

 

1620 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

938.3 °C
2820 °C
N/A
N/A

 

31.8 kJ/mol
334 kJ/mol
-536 J/(kg K)
727 °C
1870 °C
N/A
N/A

 

8 kJ/mol
140 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-56-4
RTECSLY5200000
4.1
3089
N/A
0
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-39-3
RTECSCQ8370000
4.3
1400
N/A
1
Water Reactive
2
2

 

N/A
N/A

Compare With Other Elements