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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Gallium vs Tin

Compare Gallium and Tin

Compare Gallium and Tin on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Gallium vs Tin with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Ga vs Sn on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Gallium
31
Ga
69.723
Solid
Silver
post-transition metal
13
boron family 
4
p
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p1
29.76 °C
2204 °C
2, 8, 18, 3
CAS7440-55-3
Neighborhood Elements of Gallium
Tin
50
Sn
118.71
Solid
Silver
post-transition metal
14
carbon family 
5
p
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2
231.93 °C
2602 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 4
CAS7440-31-5
Neighborhood Elements of Tin

History

History
The element Gallium was discovered by Lecoq de Boisbaudran in year 1875 in France. Gallium derived its name from from Gallia, the Latin name for France
The element Tin was discovered by unknown in year 3000 BC in unknown place. Tin derived its name derived its name from from English word (stannum in Latin)

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
1×10-6%
4×10-6%
7.6e-06
1.9e-05
3×10-9%
N/A
4×10-7%
9×10-7%
1.2e-06
2.2e-06
1×10-9%
2e-07

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

136 pm
11.809451219512 cm3
126 pm
187 pm
2.9
gallium Spectrum
451.97, 766.33, 452.6 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Cmca
64

Base Centered Orthorhombic

gallium Crystal Structure
145 pm
16.239398084815 cm3
141 pm
217 pm
0.63
tin Spectrum
583.18, 583.18, 318.19 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
I41/amd
141

Centered Tetragonal

tin Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
31
31
31
69.723
38.723
2, 8, 18, 3
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p1
4s2 4p1
-5;-4;-2;-1  1;2;3
2P1/2
gallium Shells
50
50
50
118.71
68.71
2, 8, 18, 18, 4
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2
5s2 5p2
-4;-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
tin Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
69Ga, 71Ga.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
112Sn, 114Sn, 115Sn, 116Sn, 117Sn, 118Sn, 119Sn, 120Sn, 122Sn, 124Sn.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

3
1.81
28.9 kJ/mol
578.8, 1979.3, 2963, 6180 kJ/mol
4
1.96
107.3 kJ/mol
708.6, 1411.8, 2943, 3930.3, 7456 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

5.904 g/cm3
11.809451219512

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

1.5 MPa
N/A
60 MPa

 

7.1×106 S/m
1.4×10-7 m Ω
1.083

 

29 W/(m K)
0.00012 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-3×10-9
-2.09×10-10
-1.77e-05

 

N/A

 

2740 m/s
7.31 g/cm3
16.239398084815

 

50 GPa
18 GPa
58 GPa
0.36


 

1.5 MPa
N/A
51 MPa

 

9.1×106 S/m
1.1×10-7 m Ω
3.72

 

67 W/(m K)
0.000022 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-3.1×10-9
-3.68×10-10
-2.27e-05

 

N/A

 

2.5×103 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

29.76 °C
2204 °C
N/A
1.083

 

5.59 kJ/mol
256 kJ/mol
N/A
231.93 °C
2602 °C
N/A
3.72

 

7 kJ/mol
290 kJ/mol
{"N/A", "N/A"} J/(kg K)

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-55-3
RTECSLW8600000
8
2803
N/A
0
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-31-5
{N/A, RTECSXP7320000}
{N/A, N/A}
"N/A", "N/A"
{N/A, N/A}
{N/A, 3}
N/ A, N/ A
{N/A, 1}
{N/A, 3}

 

N/A
N/A