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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Gallium vs Lead

Compare Gallium and Lead

Compare Gallium and Lead on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Gallium vs Lead with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Ga vs Pb on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Gallium
31
Ga
69.723
Solid
Silver
post-transition metal
13
boron family 
4
p
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p1
29.76 °C
2204 °C
2, 8, 18, 3
CAS7440-55-3
Neighborhood Elements of Gallium
Lead
82
Pb
207.2
Solid
SlateGray
post-transition metal
14
carbon family 
6
p
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
327.46 °C
1749 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 4
CAS7439-92-1
Neighborhood Elements of Lead

History

History
The element Gallium was discovered by Lecoq de Boisbaudran in year 1875 in France. Gallium derived its name from from Gallia, the Latin name for France
The element Lead was discovered by Middle East in year 4000 BC in unknown place. Lead derived its name derived its name from from English word (plumbum in Latin)

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
1×10-6%
4×10-6%
7.6e-06
1.9e-05
3×10-9%
N/A
1×10-6%
1×10-6%
1.4e-06
9.9e-06
3×10-9%
1.7e-06

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

136 pm
11.809451219512 cm3
126 pm
187 pm
2.9
gallium Spectrum
451.97, 766.33, 452.6 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Cmca
64

Base Centered Orthorhombic

gallium Crystal Structure
154 pm
18.271604938272 cm3
147 pm
202 pm
0.171
lead Spectrum
495.08, 495.08, 495.08 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

lead Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
31
31
31
69.723
38.723
2, 8, 18, 3
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p1
4s2 4p1
-5;-4;-2;-1  1;2;3
2P1/2
gallium Shells
82
82
82
207.2
125.2
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 4
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
6s2 6p2
-4;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
lead Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
69Ga, 71Ga.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
204Pb, 206Pb, 207Pb, 208Pb.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

3
1.81
28.9 kJ/mol
578.8, 1979.3, 2963, 6180 kJ/mol
4
2.33
35.1 kJ/mol
715.6, 1450.5, 3081.5, 4083, 6640 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

5.904 g/cm3
11.809451219512

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

1.5 MPa
N/A
60 MPa

 

7.1×106 S/m
1.4×10-7 m Ω
1.083

 

29 W/(m K)
0.00012 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-3×10-9
-2.09×10-10
-1.77e-05

 

N/A

 

2740 m/s
11.34 g/cm3
18.271604938272

 

16 GPa
5.6 GPa
46 GPa
0.44


 

1.5 MPa
N/A
38.3 MPa

 

4.8×106 S/m
2.1×10-7 m Ω
7.2

 

35 W/(m K)
0.0000289 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.5×10-9
-3.11×10-10
-1.7e-05

 

N/A

 

1260 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

29.76 °C
2204 °C
N/A
1.083

 

5.59 kJ/mol
256 kJ/mol
N/A
327.46 °C
1749 °C
N/A
7.2

 

4.77 kJ/mol
178 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-55-3
RTECSLW8600000
8
2803
N/A
0
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7439-92-1
RTECSOF7525000
N/A
3077
N/A
0
N/A
2
0

 

N/A
N/A