;

Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Gallium vs Californium

Compare Gallium and Californium

Compare Gallium and Californium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Gallium vs Californium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Ga vs Cf on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Gallium
31
Ga
69.723
Solid
Silver
post-transition metal
13
boron family 
4
p
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p1
29.76 °C
2204 °C
2, 8, 18, 3
CAS7440-55-3
Neighborhood Elements of Gallium
Californium
98
Cf
251
Solid
N/A
actinide
N/A
 
7
f
[Rn] 5f10 7s2
900 °C
N/A
2, 8, 18, 32, 28, 8, 2
CAS7440-71-3
Neighborhood Elements of Californium

History

History
The element Gallium was discovered by Lecoq de Boisbaudran in year 1875 in France. Gallium derived its name from from Gallia, the Latin name for France
The element Californium was discovered by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in year 1950 in United States. Californium derived its name derived its name from from California, where the element was first synthesized

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
1×10-6%
4×10-6%
7.6e-06
1.9e-05
3×10-9%
N/A
N/A
None
None
None
None
None

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

136 pm
11.809451219512 cm3
126 pm
187 pm
2.9
gallium Spectrum
451.97, 766.33, 452.6 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Cmca
64

Base Centered Orthorhombic

gallium Crystal Structure
N/A
16.622516556291 cm3
N/A
N/A
2.9×103
californium Spectrum
338, 338, 1102.5 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

californium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
31
31
31
69.723
38.723
2, 8, 18, 3
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p1
4s2 4p1
-5;-4;-2;-1  1;2;3
2P1/2
gallium Shells
98
98
98
251
153
2, 8, 18, 32, 28, 8, 2
[Rn] 5f10 7s2
5f10 7s2
 2;3;4
5I8
californium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
69Ga, 71Ga.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
None.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

3
1.81
28.9 kJ/mol
578.8, 1979.3, 2963, 6180 kJ/mol
4
1.3
N/A
608 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

5.904 g/cm3
11.809451219512

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

1.5 MPa
N/A
60 MPa

 

7.1×106 S/m
1.4×10-7 m Ω
1.083

 

29 W/(m K)
0.00012 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-3×10-9
-2.09×10-10
-1.77e-05

 

N/A

 

2740 m/s
15.1 g/cm3
16.622516556291

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A

 

N/A

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

29.76 °C
2204 °C
N/A
1.083

 

5.59 kJ/mol
256 kJ/mol
N/A
900 °C
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-55-3
RTECSLW8600000
8
2803
N/A
0
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-71-3
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A