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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Gadolinium vs Carbon

Compare Gadolinium and Carbon

Compare Gadolinium and Carbon on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Gadolinium vs Carbon with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Gd vs C on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Gadolinium
64
Gd
157.25
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 4f7 5d1 6s2
1313 °C
3250 °C
2, 8, 18, 25, 9, 2
CAS7440-54-2
Neighborhood Elements of Gadolinium
Carbon
6
C
12.0107
Solid
Black
other nonmetal
14
carbon family 
2
p
[He] 2s2 2p2
3550 °C
4027 °C
2, 4
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Neighborhood Elements of Carbon

History

History
The element Gadolinium was discovered by Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac in year 1880 in Switzerland. Gadolinium derived its name from from Johan Gadolin, chemist, physicist and mineralogist
The element Carbon was discovered by Ancient Egypt in year N/A in unknown place. Carbon derived its name derived its name from the Latin word carbo, meaning 'coal'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
2×10-7%
2×10-7%
2.3e-07
5.2e-06
7×10-11%
N/A
0.005
0.003
0.015
0.0018
2.8e-05
0.23

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

233 pm
19.902543981774 cm3
N/A
N/A
4.9×104
gadolinium Spectrum
363.6, 363.6, 578.26 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

gadolinium Crystal Structure
67 pm
5.3144690265487 cm3
77 pm
170 pm
0.0035
carbon Spectrum
246.4, 246.4, 671.1 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

carbon Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
64
64
64
157.25
93.25
2, 8, 18, 25, 9, 2
[Xe] 4f7 5d1 6s2
4f7 5d1 6s2
 1;2;3
9D2
gadolinium Shells
6
6
6
12.0107
6.0107
2, 4
[He] 2s2 2p2
2s2 2p2
-4;-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
carbon Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
154Gd, 155Gd, 156Gd, 157Gd, 158Gd, 160Gd.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
12C, 13C.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

3
1.2
50 kJ/mol
593.4, 1170, 1990, 4250 kJ/mol
4
2.55
153.9 kJ/mol
1086.5, 2352.6, 4620.5, 6222.7, 37831, 47277 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

7.901 g/cm3
19.902543981774

 

55 GPa
22 GPa
38 GPa
0.26


 

N/A
570 MPa
N/A

 

7.7×105 S/m
1.3×10-6 m Ω
1.083

 

11 W/(m K)
9.4×10-6 K-1

 

Ferromagnetic
292 K
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A

 

2680 m/s
2.26 g/cm3
5.3144690265487

 

N/A
N/A
33 GPa
N/A


 

0.5 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

1×105 S/m
1×10-5 m Ω
N/A

 

140 W/(m K)
7.1×10-6 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-6.2×10-9
-7.45×10-11
-1.4e-05

 

2.417

 

18350 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1313 °C
3250 °C
N/A
1.083

 

10 kJ/mol
305 kJ/mol
N/A
3550 °C
4027 °C
N/A
N/A

 

105 kJ/mol
715 kJ/mol
{"N/A", -393., "N/A", "N/A"} J/(kg K)

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-54-2
RTECSLW3850000
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-44-0
{RTECSHL4158550, RTECSFF5250100, RTECSMD9659600, N/A}
{N/A, 4.2, N/A, N/A}
"N/A", {1361}, "N/A", "N/A"
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, 1, N/A, 1}
N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A
{N/A, 0, N/A, 1}
{N/A, 0, N/A, 0}

 

N/A
N/A