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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Fermium vs Hafnium

Compare Fermium and Hafnium

Compare Fermium and Hafnium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Fermium vs Hafnium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Fm vs Hf on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Fermium
100
Fm
257
Solid
N/A
actinide
N/A
 
7
f
[Rn] 5f12 7s2
1527 °C
N/A
2, 8, 18, 32, 30, 8, 2
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Neighborhood Elements of Fermium
Hafnium
72
Hf
178.49
Solid
Gray
transition metal
4
titanium family 
6
d
[Xe] 4f14 5d2 6s2
2233 °C
4603 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 10, 2
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Neighborhood Elements of Hafnium

History

History
The element Fermium was discovered by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in year 1952 in United States. Fermium derived its name from from Enrico Fermi, physicist
The element Hafnium was discovered by Dirk Coster in year 1923 in Denmark. Hafnium derived its name derived its name from from Hafnia, the New Latin name for Copenhagen

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
N/A
None
None
None
None
None
7×10-8%
1×10-7%
1.7e-07
3.3e-06
8×10-10%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

N/A
N/A cm3
N/A
N/A
5.8×103
fermium Spectrum
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

Body Centered Cubic

fermium Crystal Structure
208 pm
13.410217881292 cm3
150 pm
N/A
104
hafnium Spectrum
319.64, 319.64, 505.11 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

hafnium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
100
100
100
257
157
2, 8, 18, 32, 30, 8, 2
[Rn] 5f12 7s2
5f12 7s2
 2;3
3H6
fermium Shells
72
72
72
178.49
106.49
2, 8, 18, 32, 10, 2
[Xe] 4f14 5d2 6s2
5d2 6s2
-2  1;2;3;4
3F2
hafnium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
None.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
176Hf, 177Hf, 178Hf, 179Hf, 180Hf.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

3
1.3
N/A
627 kJ/mol
4
1.3
0 kJ/mol
658.5, 1440, 2250, 3216 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A

 

N/A
13.31 g/cm3
13.410217881292

 

78 GPa
30 GPa
110 GPa
0.37


 

5.5 MPa
1760 MPa
1.7×103 MPa

 

3.3×106 S/m
3×10-7 m Ω
0.128

 

23 W/(m K)
5.9×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
5.3×10-9
9.46×10-10
7.05e-05

 

N/A

 

3010 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1527 °C
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
2233 °C
4603 °C
N/A
0.128

 

25.5 kJ/mol
630 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-72-4
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-58-6
RTECSMG4600000
4.2
2545
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A