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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Europium vs Praseodymium

Compare Europium and Praseodymium

Compare Europium and Praseodymium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Europium vs Praseodymium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Eu vs Pr on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Europium
63
Eu
151.964
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 4f7 6s2
822 °C
1527 °C
2, 8, 18, 25, 8, 2
CAS7440-53-1
Neighborhood Elements of Europium
Praseodymium
59
Pr
140.90765
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 4f3 6s2
931 °C
3290 °C
2, 8, 18, 21, 8, 2
CAS7440-10-0
Neighborhood Elements of Praseodymium

History

History
The element Europium was discovered by Eugène-Anatole Demarçay in year 1901 in France. Europium derived its name from from Europe
The element Praseodymium was discovered by Carl Auer von Welsbach in year 1885 in Austria. Praseodymium derived its name derived its name from from the Greek praseios didymos meaning 'green twin'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
5×10-8%
5×10-8%
5.9×10-6%
1.8e-06
1.3×10-11%
N/A
2×10-7%
1×10-7%
9.8×10-6%
8.6e-06
6×10-11%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

231 pm
28.978642257818 cm3
N/A
N/A
4450
europium Spectrum
458.1, 458.1, 458.1 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

europium Crystal Structure
247 pm
21.221031626506 cm3
N/A
N/A
11.4
praseodymium Spectrum
367.25, 367.25, 1183.54 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

praseodymium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
63
63
63
151.964
88.964
2, 8, 18, 25, 8, 2
[Xe] 4f7 6s2
4f7 6s2
 2;3
8S7/2
europium Shells
59
59
59
140.90765
81.90765
2, 8, 18, 21, 8, 2
[Xe] 4f3 6s2
4f3 6s2
 2;3;4;5
4I9/2
praseodymium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
151Eu, 153Eu.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
141Pr.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

3
N/A
50 kJ/mol
547.1, 1085, 2404, 4120 kJ/mol
4
1.13
50 kJ/mol
527, 1020, 2086, 3761, 5551 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

5.244 g/cm3
28.978642257818

 

18 GPa
7.9 GPa
8.3 GPa
0.15


 

N/A
167 MPa
N/A

 

1.1×106 S/m
9×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

14 W/(m K)
0.000035 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
2.76×10-7
4.1942×10-8
0.0014473

 

N/A

 

N/A
6.64 g/cm3
21.221031626506

 

37 GPa
15 GPa
29 GPa
0.28


 

N/A
400 MPa
481 MPa

 

1.4×106 S/m
7×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

13 W/(m K)
6.7×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
4.23×10-7
5.9604×10-8
0.0028087

 

N/A

 

2280 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

822 °C
1527 °C
N/A
N/A

 

9.2 kJ/mol
175 kJ/mol
N/A
931 °C
3290 °C
N/A
N/A

 

6.9 kJ/mol
330 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-53-1
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-10-0
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A