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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Dysprosium vs Gadolinium

Compare Dysprosium and Gadolinium

Compare Dysprosium and Gadolinium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Dysprosium vs Gadolinium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Dy vs Gd on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Dysprosium
66
Dy
162.5
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 4f10 6s2
1412 °C
2567 °C
2, 8, 18, 28, 8, 2
CAS7429-91-6
Neighborhood Elements of Dysprosium
Gadolinium
64
Gd
157.25
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 4f7 5d1 6s2
1313 °C
3250 °C
2, 8, 18, 25, 9, 2
CAS7440-54-2
Neighborhood Elements of Gadolinium

History

History
The element Dysprosium was discovered by Lecoq de Boisbaudran in year 1886 in France. Dysprosium derived its name from from the Greek dysprositos, meaning 'hard to get'
The element Gadolinium was discovered by Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac in year 1880 in Switzerland. Gadolinium derived its name derived its name from from Johan Gadolin, chemist, physicist and mineralogist

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
2×10-7%
2×10-7%
2.7e-07
6.2e-06
9.1×10-11%
N/A
2×10-7%
2×10-7%
2.3e-07
5.2e-06
7×10-11%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

228 pm
19.003625306982 cm3
N/A
N/A
1010
dysprosium Spectrum
359.3, 359.3, 565.37 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

dysprosium Crystal Structure
233 pm
19.902543981774 cm3
N/A
N/A
4.9×104
gadolinium Spectrum
363.6, 363.6, 578.26 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

gadolinium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
66
66
66
162.5
96.5
2, 8, 18, 28, 8, 2
[Xe] 4f10 6s2
4f10 6s2
 2;3;4
5I8
dysprosium Shells
64
64
64
157.25
93.25
2, 8, 18, 25, 9, 2
[Xe] 4f7 5d1 6s2
4f7 5d1 6s2
 1;2;3
9D2
gadolinium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
156Dy, 158Dy, 160Dy, 161Dy, 162Dy, 163Dy, 164Dy.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
154Gd, 155Gd, 156Gd, 157Gd, 158Gd, 160Gd.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

3
1.22
50 kJ/mol
573, 1130, 2.2×103, 3990 kJ/mol
3
1.2
50 kJ/mol
593.4, 1170, 1990, 4250 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

8.551 g/cm3
19.003625306982

 

61 GPa
25 GPa
41 GPa
0.25


 

N/A
540 MPa
500 MPa

 

1.1×106 S/m
9.1×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

11 W/(m K)
9.9×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
87 K
5.45×10-6
8.85625×10-7
0.046603

 

N/A

 

2710 m/s
7.901 g/cm3
19.902543981774

 

55 GPa
22 GPa
38 GPa
0.26


 

N/A
570 MPa
N/A

 

7.7×105 S/m
1.3×10-6 m Ω
1.083

 

11 W/(m K)
9.4×10-6 K-1

 

Ferromagnetic
292 K
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A

 

2680 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1412 °C
2567 °C
N/A
N/A

 

11.1 kJ/mol
280 kJ/mol
N/A
1313 °C
3250 °C
N/A
1.083

 

10 kJ/mol
305 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7429-91-6
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-54-2
RTECSLW3850000
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A