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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Copper vs Terbium

Compare Copper and Terbium

Compare Copper and Terbium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Copper vs Terbium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Cu vs Tb on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Copper
29
Cu
63.546
Solid
Copper
transition metal
11
copper family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d10 4s1
1084.62 °C
2927 °C
2, 8, 18, 1
CAS7440-50-8
Neighborhood Elements of Copper
Terbium
65
Tb
158.92534
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 4f9 6s2
1356 °C
3230 °C
2, 8, 18, 27, 8, 2
CAS7440-27-9
Neighborhood Elements of Terbium

History

History
The element Copper was discovered by Middle East in year 8000 BC in unknown place. Copper derived its name from from English word (Latin cuprum)
The element Terbium was discovered by Carl Gustaf Mosander in year 1843 in Sweden. Terbium derived its name derived its name from from Ytterby, Sweden

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
6×10-6%
7e-07
0.00011
6.8e-05
3×10-7%
1e-06
5×10-8%
1×10-8%
3.9×10-6%
9.3e-07
1.4×10-11%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

145 pm
7.1239910313901 cm3
138 pm
140 pm
3.78
copper Spectrum
361.49, 361.49, 361.49 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

copper Crystal Structure
225 pm
19.336335320599 cm3
N/A
N/A
23
terbium Spectrum
360.1, 360.1, 569.36 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

terbium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
29
29
29
63.546
34.546
2, 8, 18, 1
[Ar] 3d10 4s1
3d10 4s1
-2  1;2;3;4
2S1/2
copper Shells
65
65
65
158.92534
93.92534
2, 8, 18, 27, 8, 2
[Xe] 4f9 6s2
4f9 6s2
 1;2;3;4
6H15/2
terbium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
63Cu, 65Cu.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
159Tb.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

2
1.9
118.4 kJ/mol
745.5, 1957.9, 3555, 5536, 7.7×103, 9.9×103, 1.34×104, 1.6×104, 1.92×104, 2.24×104, 2.56×104, 3.56×104, 3.87×104, 4.2×104, 4.67×104, 5.02×104, 5.37×104, 6.11×104, 64702, 1.637×105, 1.741×105 kJ/mol
3
N/A
50 kJ/mol
565.8, 1110, 2114, 3839 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

8.92 g/cm3
7.1239910313901

 

130 GPa
48 GPa
140 GPa
0.34


 

3 MPa
369 MPa
874 MPa

 

5.9×107 S/m
1.7×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

400 W/(m K)
0.0000165 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.08×10-9
-6.86×10-11
-9.63×10-6

 

N/A

 

3570 m/s
8.219 g/cm3
19.336335320599

 

56 GPa
22 GPa
38.7 GPa
0.26


 

N/A
863 MPa
677 MPa

 

8.3×105 S/m
1.2×10-6 m Ω
N/A

 

11 W/(m K)
0.0000103 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
222 K
1.36e-05
2.161385×10-6
0.1117784

 

N/A

 

2620 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1084.62 °C
2927 °C
N/A
N/A

 

13.1 kJ/mol
300 kJ/mol
N/A
1356 °C
3230 °C
N/A
N/A

 

10.8 kJ/mol
295 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-50-8
RTECSGL5325000
4.1
3089
N/A
1
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-27-9
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A