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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Copper vs Palladium

Compare Copper and Palladium

Compare Copper and Palladium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Copper vs Palladium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Cu vs Pd on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Copper
29
Cu
63.546
Solid
Copper
transition metal
11
copper family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d10 4s1
1084.62 °C
2927 °C
2, 8, 18, 1
CAS7440-50-8
Neighborhood Elements of Copper
Palladium
46
Pd
106.42
Solid
Silver
transition metal
10
nickel family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d10
1554.9 °C
2963 °C
2, 8, 18, 18
CAS7440-05-3
Neighborhood Elements of Palladium

History

History
The element Copper was discovered by Middle East in year 8000 BC in unknown place. Copper derived its name from from English word (Latin cuprum)
The element Palladium was discovered by William Hyde Wollaston in year 1803 in United Kingdom. Palladium derived its name derived its name from from the then recently discovered asteroid Pallas, considered a planet at the time

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
6×10-6%
7e-07
0.00011
6.8e-05
3×10-7%
1e-06
2×10-7%
3×10-7%
6.6e-07
6.3×10-7%
N/A
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

145 pm
7.1239910313901 cm3
138 pm
140 pm
3.78
copper Spectrum
361.49, 361.49, 361.49 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

copper Crystal Structure
169 pm
8.8513682109291 cm3
131 pm
163 pm
6.9
palladium Spectrum
389.07, 389.07, 389.07 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

palladium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
29
29
29
63.546
34.546
2, 8, 18, 1
[Ar] 3d10 4s1
3d10 4s1
-2  1;2;3;4
2S1/2
copper Shells
46
46
46
106.42
60.42
2, 8, 18, 18
[Kr] 4d10
4d10
 1;2;3;4;5;6
1S0
palladium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
63Cu, 65Cu.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
102Pd, 104Pd, 105Pd, 106Pd, 108Pd, 110Pd.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

2
1.9
118.4 kJ/mol
745.5, 1957.9, 3555, 5536, 7.7×103, 9.9×103, 1.34×104, 1.6×104, 1.92×104, 2.24×104, 2.56×104, 3.56×104, 3.87×104, 4.2×104, 4.67×104, 5.02×104, 5.37×104, 6.11×104, 64702, 1.637×105, 1.741×105 kJ/mol
4
2.2
53.7 kJ/mol
804.4, 1870, 3177 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

8.92 g/cm3
7.1239910313901

 

130 GPa
48 GPa
140 GPa
0.34


 

3 MPa
369 MPa
874 MPa

 

5.9×107 S/m
1.7×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

400 W/(m K)
0.0000165 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.08×10-9
-6.86×10-11
-9.63×10-6

 

N/A

 

3570 m/s
12.023 g/cm3
8.8513682109291

 

121 GPa
44 GPa
180 GPa
0.39


 

4.75 MPa
461 MPa
37.3 MPa

 

1×107 S/m
1×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

72 W/(m K)
0.0000118 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
6.57×10-8
6.992×10-9
0.0007899

 

N/A

 

3070 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1084.62 °C
2927 °C
N/A
N/A

 

13.1 kJ/mol
300 kJ/mol
N/A
1554.9 °C
2963 °C
N/A
N/A

 

16.7 kJ/mol
380 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-50-8
RTECSGL5325000
4.1
3089
N/A
1
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-05-3
RTECSRT3480500
4.2
3200
N/A
0
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A

Compare With Other Elements

Elements of the Same Group
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