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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Chromium vs Zinc

Compare Chromium and Zinc

Compare Chromium and Zinc on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Chromium vs Zinc with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Cr vs Zn on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Chromium
24
Cr
51.9961
Solid
Silver
transition metal
6
chromium family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d5 4s1
1907 °C
2671 °C
2, 8, 13, 1
CAS7440-47-3
Neighborhood Elements of Chromium
Zinc
30
Zn
65.409
Solid
SlateGray
transition metal
12
zinc family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d10 4s2
419.53 °C
907 °C
2, 8, 18, 2
CAS7440-66-6
Neighborhood Elements of Zinc

History

History
The element Chromium was discovered by Louis Nicolas Vauquelin in year 1797 in France. Chromium derived its name from from the Greek word chroma, meaning 'color'
The element Zinc was discovered by India in year 1500 in Germany. Zinc derived its name derived its name from from the German word Zink

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
1.5e-05
2e-05
0.003
0.00014
6×10-8%
3×10-6%
3e-07
2e-06
0.00018
7.8e-05
5×10-7%
3.3e-05

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

166 pm
7.2823669467787 cm3
127 pm
N/A
3.1
chromium Spectrum
291, 291, 291 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

chromium Crystal Structure
142 pm
9.1609243697479 cm3
131 pm
139 pm
1.1
zinc Spectrum
266.49, 266.49, 494.68 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

zinc Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
24
24
24
51.9961
27.9961
2, 8, 13, 1
[Ar] 3d5 4s1
3d5 4s1
-4;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5;6
7S3
chromium Shells
30
30
30
65.409
35.409
2, 8, 18, 2
[Ar] 3d10 4s2
3d10 4s2
-2  1;2
1S0
zinc Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
50Cr, 52Cr, 53Cr, 54Cr.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
64Zn, 66Zn, 67Zn, 68Zn, 70Zn.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

6
1.66
64.3 kJ/mol
652.9, 1590.6, 2987, 4743, 6702, 8744.9, 15455, 17820, 20190, 23580, 26130, 28750, 34230, 37066, 97510, 1.058×105, 1.143×105, 1.253×105, 1.347×105, 1.443×105, 1.577×105 kJ/mol
2
1.65
0 kJ/mol
906.4, 1733.3, 3833, 5731, 7970, 1.04×104, 1.29×104, 1.68×104, 1.96×104, 2.3×104, 2.64×104, 29990, 40490, 4.38×104, 4.73×104, 5.23×104, 5.59×104, 5.97×104, 6.73×104, 7.12×104, 1.791×105 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

7.14 g/cm3
7.2823669467787

 

279 GPa
115 GPa
160 GPa
0.21


 

8.5 MPa
1060 MPa
1120 MPa

 

7.9×106 S/m
1.3×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

94 W/(m K)
4.9×10-6 K-1

 

Antiferromagnetic
N/A
4.45×10-8
2.314×10-9
0.0003177

 

N/A

 

5940 m/s
7.14 g/cm3
9.1609243697479

 

108 GPa
43 GPa
70 GPa
0.25


 

2.5 MPa
N/A
412 MPa

 

1.7×107 S/m
5.9×10-8 m Ω
0.85

 

120 W/(m K)
0.0000302 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-2.21×10-9
-1.45×10-10
-1.58e-05

 

1.00205

 

3.7×103 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1907 °C
2671 °C
N/A
N/A

 

20.5 kJ/mol
339 kJ/mol
N/A
419.53 °C
907 °C
N/A
0.85

 

7.35 kJ/mol
119 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-47-3
RTECSGB4200000
4.1
3089
N/A
1
N/A
2
1

 

400 °C
N/A
CAS7440-66-6
RTECSZG8600000
4.3
1436
N/A
0
Water Reactive
2
0

 

460 °C
N/A

Compare With Other Elements

Elements of the Same Group
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