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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Chromium vs Phosphorus

Compare Chromium and Phosphorus

Compare Chromium and Phosphorus on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Chromium vs Phosphorus with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Cr vs P on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Chromium
24
Cr
51.9961
Solid
Silver
transition metal
6
chromium family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d5 4s1
1907 °C
2671 °C
2, 8, 13, 1
CAS7440-47-3
Neighborhood Elements of Chromium
Phosphorus
15
P
30.973761
Solid
Colorless
other nonmetal
15
nitrogen family 
3
p
[Ne] 3s2 3p3
44.2 °C
280.5 °C
2, 8, 5
CAS7723-14-0
Neighborhood Elements of Phosphorus

History

History
The element Chromium was discovered by Louis Nicolas Vauquelin in year 1797 in France. Chromium derived its name from from the Greek word chroma, meaning 'color'
The element Phosphorus was discovered by Hennig Brand in year 1669 in Germany. Phosphorus derived its name derived its name from from the Greek word phoosphoros, 'carrying light'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
1.5e-05
2e-05
0.003
0.00014
6×10-8%
3×10-6%
7e-06
7e-06
0.0011
0.00099
7×10-6%
0.011

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

166 pm
7.2823669467787 cm3
127 pm
N/A
3.1
chromium Spectrum
291, 291, 291 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

chromium Crystal Structure
98 pm
16.990543609435 cm3
106 pm
180 pm
0.18
phosphorus Spectrum
1145, 550.3, 1126.1 pm
1.25384, 1.57725, 1.24896
P-1
2

Simple Triclinic

phosphorus Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
24
24
24
51.9961
27.9961
2, 8, 13, 1
[Ar] 3d5 4s1
3d5 4s1
-4;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5;6
7S3
chromium Shells
15
15
15
30.973761
15.973761
2, 8, 5
[Ne] 3s2 3p3
3s2 3p3
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5
4S3/2
phosphorus Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
50Cr, 52Cr, 53Cr, 54Cr.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
31P.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

6
1.66
64.3 kJ/mol
652.9, 1590.6, 2987, 4743, 6702, 8744.9, 15455, 17820, 20190, 23580, 26130, 28750, 34230, 37066, 97510, 1.058×105, 1.143×105, 1.253×105, 1.347×105, 1.443×105, 1.577×105 kJ/mol
5
2.19
72 kJ/mol
1011.8, 1907, 2914.1, 4963.6, 6273.9, 21267, 25431, 29872, 35905, 40950 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

7.14 g/cm3
7.2823669467787

 

279 GPa
115 GPa
160 GPa
0.21


 

8.5 MPa
1060 MPa
1120 MPa

 

7.9×106 S/m
1.3×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

94 W/(m K)
4.9×10-6 K-1

 

Antiferromagnetic
N/A
4.45×10-8
2.314×10-9
0.0003177

 

N/A

 

5940 m/s
1.823 g/cm3
16.990543609435

 

N/A
N/A
11 GPa
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

1×107 S/m
1×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

0.236 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.13×10-8
-3.5×10-10
-2.06e-05

 

1.001212

 

N/A

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1907 °C
2671 °C
N/A
N/A

 

20.5 kJ/mol
339 kJ/mol
N/A
44.2 °C
280.5 °C
N/A
N/A

 

0.64 kJ/mol
12.4 kJ/mol
{"N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A"} J/(kg K)

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-47-3
RTECSGB4200000
4.1
3089
N/A
1
N/A
2
1

 

400 °C
N/A
CAS7723-14-0
{N/A, RTECSTH3495000, RTECSTH3500000, N/A}
{N/A, 4.1, 4.2, N/A}
"N/A", {1338}, {1381, 2447}, "N/A"
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, 0, 4, N/A}
N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A
{N/A, 0, 4, N/A}
{N/A, 2, 2, N/A}

 

N/A
N/A