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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Chlorine vs Fermium

Compare Chlorine and Fermium

Compare Chlorine and Fermium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Chlorine vs Fermium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Cl vs Fm on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Chlorine
17
Cl
35.453
Gas
Yellow
halogens
17
fluorine family 
3
p
[Ne] 3s2 3p5
-101.5 °C
-34.04 °C
2, 8, 7
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Neighborhood Elements of Chlorine
Fermium
100
Fm
257
Solid
N/A
actinide
N/A
 
7
f
[Rn] 5f12 7s2
1527 °C
N/A
2, 8, 18, 32, 30, 8, 2
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Neighborhood Elements of Fermium

History

History
The element Chlorine was discovered by Carl Wilhelm Scheele in year 1774 in Sweden. Chlorine derived its name from from the Greek word chloros, meaning 'greenish yellow'
The element Fermium was discovered by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in year 1952 in United States. Fermium derived its name derived its name from from Enrico Fermi, physicist

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
1e-06
8e-06
0.00037
0.00017
0.02
0.0012
N/A
None
None
None
None
None

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

79 pm
11.030802738021 cm3
99 pm
175 pm
35.3
chlorine Spectrum
622.35, 445.61, 817.85 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Cmca
64

Base Centered Orthorhombic

chlorine Crystal Structure
N/A
N/A cm3
N/A
N/A
5.8×103
fermium Spectrum
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

Body Centered Cubic

fermium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
17
17
17
35.453
18.453
2, 8, 7
[Ne] 3s2 3p5
3s2 3p5
-1  1;2;3;4;5;6;7
2P3/2
chlorine Shells
100
100
100
257
157
2, 8, 18, 32, 30, 8, 2
[Rn] 5f12 7s2
5f12 7s2
 2;3
3H6
fermium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
35Cl, 37Cl.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
None.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

5
3.16
349 kJ/mol
1251.2, 2298, 3822, 5158.6, 6542, 9362, 11018, 33604, 3.86×104, 43961 kJ/mol
3
1.3
N/A
627 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

3.214 g/l
11.030802738021

 

N/A
N/A
1.1 GPa
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

0.01 S/m
100 m Ω
N/A

 

0.0089 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-7.2×10-9
-5.11×10-10
-2.31×10-8

 

1.000773

 

206 m/s
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A

 

N/A

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

-101.5 °C
-34.04 °C
416.9 K
N/A

 

3.2 kJ/mol
10.2 kJ/mol
N/A
1527 °C
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7782-50-5
RTECSFO2100000
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-72-4
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A