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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Chlorine vs Cadmium

Compare Chlorine and Cadmium

Compare Chlorine and Cadmium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Chlorine vs Cadmium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Cl vs Cd on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Chlorine
17
Cl
35.453
Gas
Yellow
halogens
17
fluorine family 
3
p
[Ne] 3s2 3p5
-101.5 °C
-34.04 °C
2, 8, 7
CAS7782-50-5
Neighborhood Elements of Chlorine
Cadmium
48
Cd
112.411
Solid
Silver
transition metal
12
zinc family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d10 5s2
321.07 °C
767 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 2
CAS7440-43-9
Neighborhood Elements of Cadmium

History

History
The element Chlorine was discovered by Carl Wilhelm Scheele in year 1774 in Sweden. Chlorine derived its name from from the Greek word chloros, meaning 'greenish yellow'
The element Cadmium was discovered by Karl Samuel Leberecht Hermann in year 1817 in Germany. Cadmium derived its name derived its name from from the New Latin cadmia, from King Kadmos

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
1e-06
8e-06
0.00037
0.00017
0.02
0.0012
2×10-7%
6×10-7%
4.4e-07
1.5e-07
5×10-9%
7e-07

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

79 pm
11.030802738021 cm3
99 pm
175 pm
35.3
chlorine Spectrum
622.35, 445.61, 817.85 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Cmca
64

Base Centered Orthorhombic

chlorine Crystal Structure
161 pm
12.99549132948 cm3
148 pm
158 pm
2450
cadmium Spectrum
297.94, 297.94, 561.86 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

cadmium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
17
17
17
35.453
18.453
2, 8, 7
[Ne] 3s2 3p5
3s2 3p5
-1  1;2;3;4;5;6;7
2P3/2
chlorine Shells
48
48
48
112.411
64.411
2, 8, 18, 18, 2
[Kr] 4d10 5s2
4d10 5s2
-2  1;2
1S0
cadmium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
35Cl, 37Cl.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
106Cd, 108Cd, 110Cd, 111Cd, 112Cd, 114Cd.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

5
3.16
349 kJ/mol
1251.2, 2298, 3822, 5158.6, 6542, 9362, 11018, 33604, 3.86×104, 43961 kJ/mol
2
1.69
0 kJ/mol
867.8, 1631.4, 3616 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

3.214 g/l
11.030802738021

 

N/A
N/A
1.1 GPa
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

0.01 S/m
100 m Ω
N/A

 

0.0089 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-7.2×10-9
-5.11×10-10
-2.31×10-8

 

1.000773

 

206 m/s
8.65 g/cm3
12.99549132948

 

50 GPa
19 GPa
42 GPa
0.3


 

2 MPa
N/A
203 MPa

 

1.4×107 S/m
7×10-8 m Ω
0.517

 

97 W/(m K)
0.0000308 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-2.3×10-9
-2.59×10-10
-1.99e-05

 

N/A

 

2310 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

-101.5 °C
-34.04 °C
416.9 K
N/A

 

3.2 kJ/mol
10.2 kJ/mol
N/A
321.07 °C
767 °C
N/A
0.517

 

6.3 kJ/mol
100 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7782-50-5
RTECSFO2100000
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-43-9
RTECSEU9800000
6.1
2570
N/A
2
N/A
2
0

 

250 °C
N/A