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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Carbon vs Ruthenium

Compare Carbon and Ruthenium

Compare Carbon and Ruthenium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Carbon vs Ruthenium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare C vs Ru on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Carbon
6
C
12.0107
Solid
Black
other nonmetal
14
carbon family 
2
p
[He] 2s2 2p2
3550 °C
4027 °C
2, 4
CAS7440-44-0
Neighborhood Elements of Carbon
Ruthenium
44
Ru
101.07
Solid
Silver
transition metal
8
iron family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d7 5s1
2334 °C
4150 °C
2, 8, 18, 15, 1
CAS7440-18-8
Neighborhood Elements of Ruthenium

History

History
The element Carbon was discovered by Ancient Egypt in year N/A in unknown place. Carbon derived its name from the Latin word carbo, meaning 'coal'
The element Ruthenium was discovered by Karl Ernst Claus in year 1844 in Russia. Ruthenium derived its name derived its name from from Ruthenia, the New Latin name for Russia

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
0.005
0.003
0.015
0.0018
2.8e-05
0.23
4×10-7%
5×10-7%
8.1e-07
9.9×10-8%
7×10-11%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

67 pm
5.3144690265487 cm3
77 pm
170 pm
0.0035
carbon Spectrum
246.4, 246.4, 671.1 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

carbon Crystal Structure
178 pm
8.1705739692805 cm3
126 pm
N/A
2.6
ruthenium Spectrum
270.59, 270.59, 428.15 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

ruthenium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
6
6
6
12.0107
6.0107
2, 4
[He] 2s2 2p2
2s2 2p2
-4;-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
carbon Shells
44
44
44
101.07
57.07
2, 8, 18, 15, 1
[Kr] 4d7 5s1
4d7 5s1
-4;-2  1;2;3;4;5;6;7;8
5F5
ruthenium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
12C, 13C.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
100Ru, 101Ru, 102Ru, 104Ru, 96Ru, 98Ru, 99Ru.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

4
2.55
153.9 kJ/mol
1086.5, 2352.6, 4620.5, 6222.7, 37831, 47277 kJ/mol
6
2.2
101.3 kJ/mol
710.2, 1620, 2747 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

2.26 g/cm3
5.3144690265487

 

N/A
N/A
33 GPa
N/A


 

0.5 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

1×105 S/m
1×10-5 m Ω
N/A

 

140 W/(m K)
7.1×10-6 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-6.2×10-9
-7.45×10-11
-1.4e-05

 

2.417

 

18350 m/s
12.37 g/cm3
8.1705739692805

 

447 GPa
173 GPa
220 GPa
0.3


 

6.5 MPa
N/A
2160 MPa

 

1.4×107 S/m
7.1×10-8 m Ω
0.49

 

120 W/(m K)
6.4×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
5.42×10-9
5.48×10-10
6.7e-05

 

N/A

 

5970 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

3550 °C
4027 °C
N/A
N/A

 

105 kJ/mol
715 kJ/mol
{"N/A", -393., "N/A", "N/A"} J/(kg K)
2334 °C
4150 °C
N/A
0.49

 

25.7 kJ/mol
580 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-44-0
{RTECSHL4158550, RTECSFF5250100, RTECSMD9659600, N/A}
{N/A, 4.2, N/A, N/A}
"N/A", {1361}, "N/A", "N/A"
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, 1, N/A, 1}
N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A
{N/A, 0, N/A, 1}
{N/A, 0, N/A, 0}

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-18-8
N/A
4.1
3089
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A