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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Carbon vs Protactinium

Compare Carbon and Protactinium

Compare Carbon and Protactinium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Carbon vs Protactinium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare C vs Pa on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Carbon
6
C
12.0107
Solid
Black
other nonmetal
14
carbon family 
2
p
[He] 2s2 2p2
3550 °C
4027 °C
2, 4
CAS7440-44-0
Neighborhood Elements of Carbon
Protactinium
91
Pa
231.03588
Solid
Silver
actinide
N/A
 
7
f
[Rn] 5f2 6d1 7s2
1572 °C
4000 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 20, 9, 2
CAS7440-13-3
Neighborhood Elements of Protactinium

History

History
The element Carbon was discovered by Ancient Egypt in year N/A in unknown place. Carbon derived its name from the Latin word carbo, meaning 'coal'
The element Protactinium was discovered by William Crookes in year 1913 in Germany and United Kingdom. Protactinium derived its name derived its name from from the Greek protos, 'first', and actinium, which is produced through the radioactive decay of protactinium

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
0.005
0.003
0.015
0.0018
2.8e-05
0.23
N/A
N/A
N/A
9.9×10-13%
2×10-23%
None

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

67 pm
5.3144690265487 cm3
77 pm
170 pm
0.0035
carbon Spectrum
246.4, 246.4, 671.1 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

carbon Crystal Structure
180 pm
15.03161223162 cm3
N/A
N/A
500
protactinium Spectrum
392.5, 392.5, 323.8 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
I4/mmm
139

Centered Tetragonal

protactinium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
6
6
6
12.0107
6.0107
2, 4
[He] 2s2 2p2
2s2 2p2
-4;-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
carbon Shells
91
91
91
231.03588
140.03588
2, 8, 18, 32, 20, 9, 2
[Rn] 5f2 6d1 7s2
5f2 6d1 7s2
 3;4;5
4K11/2
protactinium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
12C, 13C.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
None.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

4
2.55
153.9 kJ/mol
1086.5, 2352.6, 4620.5, 6222.7, 37831, 47277 kJ/mol
5
1.5
N/A
568 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

2.26 g/cm3
5.3144690265487

 

N/A
N/A
33 GPa
N/A


 

0.5 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

1×105 S/m
1×10-5 m Ω
N/A

 

140 W/(m K)
7.1×10-6 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-6.2×10-9
-7.45×10-11
-1.4e-05

 

2.417

 

18350 m/s
15.37 g/cm3
15.03161223162

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

5.6×106 S/m
1.8×10-7 m Ω
1.4

 

47 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
3.25×10-8
7.509×10-9
0.0004995

 

N/A

 

N/A

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

3550 °C
4027 °C
N/A
N/A

 

105 kJ/mol
715 kJ/mol
{"N/A", -393., "N/A", "N/A"} J/(kg K)
1572 °C
4000 °C
N/A
1.4

 

15 kJ/mol
470 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-44-0
{RTECSHL4158550, RTECSFF5250100, RTECSMD9659600, N/A}
{N/A, 4.2, N/A, N/A}
"N/A", {1361}, "N/A", "N/A"
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, 1, N/A, 1}
N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A
{N/A, 0, N/A, 1}
{N/A, 0, N/A, 0}

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-13-3
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A