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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Carbon vs Iron

Compare Carbon and Iron

Compare Carbon and Iron on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Carbon vs Iron with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare C vs Fe on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Carbon
6
C
12.0107
Solid
Black
other nonmetal
14
carbon family 
2
p
[He] 2s2 2p2
3550 °C
4027 °C
2, 4
CAS7440-44-0
Neighborhood Elements of Carbon
Iron
26
Fe
55.845
Solid
Gray
transition metal
8
iron family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d6 4s2
1538 °C
2861 °C
2, 8, 14, 2
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Neighborhood Elements of Iron

History

History
The element Carbon was discovered by Ancient Egypt in year N/A in unknown place. Carbon derived its name from the Latin word carbo, meaning 'coal'
The element Iron was discovered by unknown in year 2000 BC in unknown place. Iron derived its name derived its name from from English word (ferrum in Latin)

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
0.005
0.003
0.015
0.0018
2.8e-05
0.23
0.0011
0.001
0.22
0.063
3×10-7%
6e-05

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

67 pm
5.3144690265487 cm3
77 pm
170 pm
0.0035
carbon Spectrum
246.4, 246.4, 671.1 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

carbon Crystal Structure
156 pm
7.0923291846584 cm3
125 pm
N/A
2.56
iron Spectrum
286.65, 286.65, 286.65 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

iron Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
6
6
6
12.0107
6.0107
2, 4
[He] 2s2 2p2
2s2 2p2
-4;-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
carbon Shells
26
26
26
55.845
29.845
2, 8, 14, 2
[Ar] 3d6 4s2
3d6 4s2
-4;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5;6;7
5D4
iron Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
12C, 13C.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
54Fe, 56Fe, 57Fe, 58Fe.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

4
2.55
153.9 kJ/mol
1086.5, 2352.6, 4620.5, 6222.7, 37831, 47277 kJ/mol
3
1.83
15.7 kJ/mol
762.5, 1561.9, 2957, 5290, 7240, 9560, 12060, 14580, 22540, 25290, 2.8×104, 31920, 34830, 37840, 4.41×104, 47206, 1.222×105, 1.31×105, 1.405×105, 1.526×105, 1.63×105 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

2.26 g/cm3
5.3144690265487

 

N/A
N/A
33 GPa
N/A


 

0.5 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

1×105 S/m
1×10-5 m Ω
N/A

 

140 W/(m K)
7.1×10-6 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-6.2×10-9
-7.45×10-11
-1.4e-05

 

2.417

 

18350 m/s
7.874 g/cm3
7.0923291846584

 

211 GPa
82 GPa
170 GPa
0.29


 

4 MPa
608 MPa
490 MPa

 

1×107 S/m
9.7×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

80 W/(m K)
0.0000118 K-1

 

Ferromagnetic
1043 K
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A

 

4910 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

3550 °C
4027 °C
N/A
N/A

 

105 kJ/mol
715 kJ/mol
{"N/A", -393., "N/A", "N/A"} J/(kg K)
1538 °C
2861 °C
N/A
N/A

 

13.8 kJ/mol
347 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-44-0
{RTECSHL4158550, RTECSFF5250100, RTECSMD9659600, N/A}
{N/A, 4.2, N/A, N/A}
"N/A", {1361}, "N/A", "N/A"
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, 1, N/A, 1}
N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A
{N/A, 0, N/A, 1}
{N/A, 0, N/A, 0}

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7439-89-6
RTECSNO4565500
4.1
3089
N/A
1
N/A
1
0

 

100 °C
N/A