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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Carbon vs Germanium

Compare Carbon and Germanium

Compare Carbon and Germanium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Carbon vs Germanium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare C vs Ge on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Carbon
6
C
12.0107
Solid
Black
other nonmetal
14
carbon family 
2
p
[He] 2s2 2p2
3550 °C
4027 °C
2, 4
CAS7440-44-0
Neighborhood Elements of Carbon
Germanium
32
Ge
72.64
Solid
Gray
metalloid
14
carbon family 
4
p
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2
938.3 °C
2820 °C
2, 8, 18, 4
CAS7440-56-4
Neighborhood Elements of Germanium

History

History
The element Carbon was discovered by Ancient Egypt in year N/A in unknown place. Carbon derived its name from the Latin word carbo, meaning 'coal'
The element Germanium was discovered by Clemens Winkler in year 1886 in Germany. Germanium derived its name derived its name from from Germania, the Latin name for Germany

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
0.005
0.003
0.015
0.0018
2.8e-05
0.23
2e-07
2e-07
2.1e-05
1.4e-06
6×10-9%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

67 pm
5.3144690265487 cm3
77 pm
170 pm
0.0035
carbon Spectrum
246.4, 246.4, 671.1 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

carbon Crystal Structure
125 pm
13.646439977456 cm3
122 pm
N/A
2.2
germanium Spectrum
565.75, 565.75, 565.75 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

germanium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
6
6
6
12.0107
6.0107
2, 4
[He] 2s2 2p2
2s2 2p2
-4;-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
carbon Shells
32
32
32
72.64
40.64
2, 8, 18, 4
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2
4s2 4p2
-4;-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
germanium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
12C, 13C.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
70Ge, 72Ge, 73Ge, 74Ge.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

4
2.55
153.9 kJ/mol
1086.5, 2352.6, 4620.5, 6222.7, 37831, 47277 kJ/mol
4
2.01
119 kJ/mol
762, 1537.5, 3302.1, 4411, 9020 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

2.26 g/cm3
5.3144690265487

 

N/A
N/A
33 GPa
N/A


 

0.5 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

1×105 S/m
1×10-5 m Ω
N/A

 

140 W/(m K)
7.1×10-6 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-6.2×10-9
-7.45×10-11
-1.4e-05

 

2.417

 

18350 m/s
5.323 g/cm3
13.646439977456

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

6 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

2×103 S/m
0.0005 m Ω
N/A

 

60 W/(m K)
6×10-6 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.5×10-9
-1.09×10-10
-7.98×10-6

 

N/A

 

5.4×103 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

3550 °C
4027 °C
N/A
N/A

 

105 kJ/mol
715 kJ/mol
{"N/A", -393., "N/A", "N/A"} J/(kg K)
938.3 °C
2820 °C
N/A
N/A

 

31.8 kJ/mol
334 kJ/mol
-536 J/(kg K)

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-44-0
{RTECSHL4158550, RTECSFF5250100, RTECSMD9659600, N/A}
{N/A, 4.2, N/A, N/A}
"N/A", {1361}, "N/A", "N/A"
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, 1, N/A, 1}
N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A
{N/A, 0, N/A, 1}
{N/A, 0, N/A, 0}

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-56-4
RTECSLY5200000
4.1
3089
N/A
0
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A