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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Cadmium vs Vanadium

Compare Cadmium and Vanadium

Compare Cadmium and Vanadium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Cadmium vs Vanadium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Cd vs V on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Cadmium
48
Cd
112.411
Solid
Silver
transition metal
12
zinc family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d10 5s2
321.07 °C
767 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 2
CAS7440-43-9
Neighborhood Elements of Cadmium
Vanadium
23
V
50.9415
Solid
Silver
transition metal
5
vanadium family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d3 4s2
1910 °C
3407 °C
2, 8, 11, 2
CAS7440-62-2
Neighborhood Elements of Vanadium

History

History
The element Cadmium was discovered by Karl Samuel Leberecht Hermann in year 1817 in Germany. Cadmium derived its name from from the New Latin cadmia, from King Kadmos
The element Vanadium was discovered by Andrés Manuel del Río in year 1801 in Mexico and Sweden. Vanadium derived its name derived its name from from Vanadis, an Old Norse name for the Scandinavian goddess Freyja

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
2×10-7%
6×10-7%
4.4e-07
1.5e-07
5×10-9%
7e-07
1e-06
4e-07
6.1e-05
0.00019
1.5×10-7%
3×10-6%

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

161 pm
12.99549132948 cm3
148 pm
158 pm
2450
cadmium Spectrum
297.94, 297.94, 561.86 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

cadmium Crystal Structure
171 pm
8.3373977086743 cm3
125 pm
N/A
5.06
vanadium Spectrum
303, 303, 303 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

vanadium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
48
48
48
112.411
64.411
2, 8, 18, 18, 2
[Kr] 4d10 5s2
4d10 5s2
-2  1;2
1S0
cadmium Shells
23
23
23
50.9415
27.9415
2, 8, 11, 2
[Ar] 3d3 4s2
3d3 4s2
-3;-1  1;2;3;4;5
4F3/2
vanadium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
106Cd, 108Cd, 110Cd, 111Cd, 112Cd, 114Cd.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
51V.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

2
1.69
0 kJ/mol
867.8, 1631.4, 3616 kJ/mol
5
1.63
50.6 kJ/mol
650.9, 1414, 2830, 4507, 6298.7, 12363, 14530, 16730, 19860, 22240, 24670, 29730, 32446, 86450, 94170, 1.023×105, 1.127×105, 1.216×105, 1.307×105, 1.434×105, 151440 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

8.65 g/cm3
12.99549132948

 

50 GPa
19 GPa
42 GPa
0.3


 

2 MPa
N/A
203 MPa

 

1.4×107 S/m
7×10-8 m Ω
0.517

 

97 W/(m K)
0.0000308 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-2.3×10-9
-2.59×10-10
-1.99e-05

 

N/A

 

2310 m/s
6.11 g/cm3
8.3373977086743

 

128 GPa
47 GPa
160 GPa
0.37


 

7 MPa
628 MPa
628 MPa

 

5×106 S/m
2×10-7 m Ω
5.4

 

31 W/(m K)
8.4×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
6.28×10-8
3.199×10-9
0.0003837

 

N/A

 

4560 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

321.07 °C
767 °C
N/A
0.517

 

6.3 kJ/mol
100 kJ/mol
N/A
1910 °C
3407 °C
N/A
5.4

 

22.8 kJ/mol
453 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-43-9
RTECSEU9800000
6.1
2570
N/A
2
N/A
2
0

 

250 °C
N/A
CAS7440-62-2
N/A
4.1
3089
N/A
1
N/A
2
0

 

N/A
N/A

Compare With Other Elements

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