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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Cadmium vs Sodium

Compare Cadmium and Sodium

Compare Cadmium and Sodium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Cadmium vs Sodium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Cd vs Na on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Cadmium
48
Cd
112.411
Solid
Silver
transition metal
12
zinc family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d10 5s2
321.07 °C
767 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 2
CAS7440-43-9
Neighborhood Elements of Cadmium
Sodium
11
Na
22.98977
Solid
Silver
alkali metal
1
lithium family 
3
s
[Ne] 3s1
97.72 °C
883 °C
2, 8, 1
CAS7440-23-5
Neighborhood Elements of Sodium

History

History
The element Cadmium was discovered by Karl Samuel Leberecht Hermann in year 1817 in Germany. Cadmium derived its name from from the New Latin cadmia, from King Kadmos
The element Sodium was discovered by Humphry Davy in year 1807 in United Kingdom. Sodium derived its name derived its name from from the English word soda (natrium in Latin)

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
2×10-7%
6×10-7%
4.4e-07
1.5e-07
5×10-9%
7e-07
2e-05
4e-05
0.0055
0.023
0.011
0.0014

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

161 pm
12.99549132948 cm3
148 pm
158 pm
2450
cadmium Spectrum
297.94, 297.94, 561.86 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

cadmium Crystal Structure
190 pm
23.749762396694 cm3
154 pm
227 pm
0.53
sodium Spectrum
429.06, 429.06, 429.06 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

sodium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
48
48
48
112.411
64.411
2, 8, 18, 18, 2
[Kr] 4d10 5s2
4d10 5s2
-2  1;2
1S0
cadmium Shells
11
11
11
22.98977
11.98977
2, 8, 1
[Ne] 3s1
3s1
-1  1
2S1/2
sodium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
106Cd, 108Cd, 110Cd, 111Cd, 112Cd, 114Cd.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
23Na.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

2
1.69
0 kJ/mol
867.8, 1631.4, 3616 kJ/mol
1
0.93
52.8 kJ/mol
495.8, 4562, 6910.3, 9543, 13354, 16613, 20117, 25496, 28932, 141362 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

8.65 g/cm3
12.99549132948

 

50 GPa
19 GPa
42 GPa
0.3


 

2 MPa
N/A
203 MPa

 

1.4×107 S/m
7×10-8 m Ω
0.517

 

97 W/(m K)
0.0000308 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-2.3×10-9
-2.59×10-10
-1.99e-05

 

N/A

 

2310 m/s
0.968 g/cm3
23.749762396694

 

10 GPa
3.3 GPa
6.3 GPa
N/A


 

0.5 MPa
N/A
0.69 MPa

 

2.1×107 S/m
4.7×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

140 W/(m K)
0.000071 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
8.8×10-9
2×10-10
8.5×10-6

 

N/A

 

3.2×103 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

321.07 °C
767 °C
N/A
0.517

 

6.3 kJ/mol
100 kJ/mol
N/A
97.72 °C
883 °C
2573 K
N/A

 

2.6 kJ/mol
97.7 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-43-9
RTECSEU9800000
6.1
2570
N/A
2
N/A
2
0

 

250 °C
N/A
CAS7440-23-5
RTECSVY0686000
4.3
1428
N/A
3
Water Reactive
3
2

 

115 °C
4 °C