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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Cadmium vs Rutherfordium

Compare Cadmium and Rutherfordium

Compare Cadmium and Rutherfordium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Cadmium vs Rutherfordium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Cd vs Rf on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Cadmium
48
Cd
112.411
Solid
Silver
transition metal
12
zinc family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d10 5s2
321.07 °C
767 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 2
CAS7440-43-9
Neighborhood Elements of Cadmium
Rutherfordium
104
Rf
261
Solid
N/A
transition metal
4
titanium family 
7
d
[Rn] 5f14 6d2 7s2
N/A
N/A
2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 10, 2
CAS53850-36-5
Neighborhood Elements of Rutherfordium

History

History
The element Cadmium was discovered by Karl Samuel Leberecht Hermann in year 1817 in Germany. Cadmium derived its name from from the New Latin cadmia, from King Kadmos
The element Rutherfordium was discovered by Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in year 1964 in Russia and United States. Rutherfordium derived its name derived its name from from Ernest Rutherford, chemist and physicist

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
2×10-7%
6×10-7%
4.4e-07
1.5e-07
5×10-9%
7e-07
N/A
None
None
None
None
None

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

161 pm
12.99549132948 cm3
148 pm
158 pm
2450
cadmium Spectrum
297.94, 297.94, 561.86 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

cadmium Crystal Structure
N/A
N/A cm3
N/A
N/A
N/A
rutherfordium Spectrum
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

Simple Hexagonal

rutherfordium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
48
48
48
112.411
64.411
2, 8, 18, 18, 2
[Kr] 4d10 5s2
4d10 5s2
-2  1;2
1S0
cadmium Shells
104
104
104
261
157
2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 10, 2
[Rn] 5f14 6d2 7s2
6d2 7s2
 4
3F2
rutherfordium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
106Cd, 108Cd, 110Cd, 111Cd, 112Cd, 114Cd.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
None.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

2
1.69
0 kJ/mol
867.8, 1631.4, 3616 kJ/mol
4
N/A
N/A
N/A

Physical Properties

8.65 g/cm3
12.99549132948

 

50 GPa
19 GPa
42 GPa
0.3


 

2 MPa
N/A
203 MPa

 

1.4×107 S/m
7×10-8 m Ω
0.517

 

97 W/(m K)
0.0000308 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-2.3×10-9
-2.59×10-10
-1.99e-05

 

N/A

 

2310 m/s
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A

 

N/A

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

321.07 °C
767 °C
N/A
0.517

 

6.3 kJ/mol
100 kJ/mol
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-43-9
RTECSEU9800000
6.1
2570
N/A
2
N/A
2
0

 

250 °C
N/A
CAS53850-36-5
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A

Compare With Other Elements

Elements of the Same Group
Elements of same categories