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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Cadmium vs Krypton

Compare Cadmium and Krypton

Compare Cadmium and Krypton on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Cadmium vs Krypton with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Cd vs Kr on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Cadmium
48
Cd
112.411
Solid
Silver
transition metal
12
zinc family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d10 5s2
321.07 °C
767 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 2
CAS7440-43-9
Neighborhood Elements of Cadmium
Krypton
36
Kr
83.798
Gas
Colorless
noble gas
18
helium family or neon family 
4
p
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p6
-157.36 °C
-153.22 °C
2, 8, 18, 8
CAS7439-90-9
Neighborhood Elements of Krypton

History

History
The element Cadmium was discovered by Karl Samuel Leberecht Hermann in year 1817 in Germany. Cadmium derived its name from from the New Latin cadmia, from King Kadmos
The element Krypton was discovered by William Ramsay in year 1898 in United Kingdom. Krypton derived its name derived its name from from the Greek kryptos, meaning 'hidden'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
2×10-7%
6×10-7%
4.4e-07
1.5e-07
5×10-9%
7e-07
4×10-6%
N/A
N/A
1.5×10-8%
2.1×10-8%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

161 pm
12.99549132948 cm3
148 pm
158 pm
2450
cadmium Spectrum
297.94, 297.94, 561.86 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

cadmium Crystal Structure
88 pm
22.346133333333 cm3
110 pm
202 pm
25
krypton Spectrum
570.6, 570.6, 570.6 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

krypton Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
48
48
48
112.411
64.411
2, 8, 18, 18, 2
[Kr] 4d10 5s2
4d10 5s2
-2  1;2
1S0
cadmium Shells
36
36
36
83.798
47.798
2, 8, 18, 8
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p6
4s2 4p6
 2
1S0
krypton Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
106Cd, 108Cd, 110Cd, 111Cd, 112Cd, 114Cd.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
78Kr, 80Kr, 82Kr, 83Kr, 84Kr, 86Kr.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

2
1.69
0 kJ/mol
867.8, 1631.4, 3616 kJ/mol
2
3
0 kJ/mol
1350.8, 2350.4, 3565, 5070, 6240, 7570, 10710, 12138, 22274, 25880, 2.97×104, 3.38×104, 3.77×104, 4.31×104, 4.75×104, 5.22×104, 5.71×104, 6.18×104, 7.58×104, 8.04×104, 8.53×104 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

8.65 g/cm3
12.99549132948

 

50 GPa
19 GPa
42 GPa
0.3


 

2 MPa
N/A
203 MPa

 

1.4×107 S/m
7×10-8 m Ω
0.517

 

97 W/(m K)
0.0000308 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-2.3×10-9
-2.59×10-10
-1.99e-05

 

N/A

 

2310 m/s
3.75 g/l
22.346133333333

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

0.00943 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-4.4×10-9
-3.69×10-10
-1.65×10-8

 

1.000427

 

1120 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

321.07 °C
767 °C
N/A
0.517

 

6.3 kJ/mol
100 kJ/mol
N/A
-157.36 °C
-153.22 °C
209.41 K
N/A

 

1.64 kJ/mol
9.02 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-43-9
RTECSEU9800000
6.1
2570
N/A
2
N/A
2
0

 

250 °C
N/A
CAS7439-90-9
RTECSOC6772500
2.2
1970
EU231-098-5
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A