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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Cadmium vs Bromine

Compare Cadmium and Bromine

Compare Cadmium and Bromine on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Cadmium vs Bromine with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Cd vs Br on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Cadmium
48
Cd
112.411
Solid
Silver
transition metal
12
zinc family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d10 5s2
321.07 °C
767 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 2
CAS7440-43-9
Neighborhood Elements of Cadmium
Bromine
35
Br
79.904
Liquid
Red
halogens
17
fluorine family 
4
p
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p5
-7.3 °C
59 °C
2, 8, 18, 7
CAS7726-95-6
Neighborhood Elements of Bromine

History

History
The element Cadmium was discovered by Karl Samuel Leberecht Hermann in year 1817 in Germany. Cadmium derived its name from from the New Latin cadmia, from King Kadmos
The element Bromine was discovered by Antoine Jérôme Balard in year 1826 in France. Bromine derived its name derived its name from from the Greek bromos, meaning 'stench'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
2×10-7%
6×10-7%
4.4e-07
1.5e-07
5×10-9%
7e-07
7×10-7%
N/A
1.2e-06
3e-06
6.7e-05
2.9e-06

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

161 pm
12.99549132948 cm3
148 pm
158 pm
2450
cadmium Spectrum
297.94, 297.94, 561.86 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

cadmium Crystal Structure
94 pm
25.610256410256 cm3
114 pm
185 pm
6.8
bromine Spectrum
672.65, 464.51, 870.23 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Cmca
64

Base Centered Orthorhombic

bromine Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
48
48
48
112.411
64.411
2, 8, 18, 18, 2
[Kr] 4d10 5s2
4d10 5s2
-2  1;2
1S0
cadmium Shells
35
35
35
79.904
44.904
2, 8, 18, 7
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p5
4s2 4p5
-1  1;3;4;5;7
2P3/2
bromine Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
106Cd, 108Cd, 110Cd, 111Cd, 112Cd, 114Cd.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
79Br, 81Br.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

2
1.69
0 kJ/mol
867.8, 1631.4, 3616 kJ/mol
5
2.96
324.6 kJ/mol
1139.9, 2103, 3470, 4560, 5760, 8550, 9940, 1.86×104 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

8.65 g/cm3
12.99549132948

 

50 GPa
19 GPa
42 GPa
0.3


 

2 MPa
N/A
203 MPa

 

1.4×107 S/m
7×10-8 m Ω
0.517

 

97 W/(m K)
0.0000308 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-2.3×10-9
-2.59×10-10
-1.99e-05

 

N/A

 

2310 m/s
3.12 g/cm3
25.610256410256

 

N/A
N/A
1.9 GPa
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

1×10-10 S/m
1×1010 m Ω
N/A

 

0.12 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-4.9×10-9
-7.83×10-10
-1.53e-05

 

1.001132

 

N/A

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

321.07 °C
767 °C
N/A
0.517

 

6.3 kJ/mol
100 kJ/mol
N/A
-7.3 °C
59 °C
588 K
N/A

 

5.8 kJ/mol
14.8 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-43-9
RTECSEU9800000
6.1
2570
N/A
2
N/A
2
0

 

250 °C
N/A
CAS7726-95-6
RTECSEF9100000
8
1744
N/A
0
Oxidizing Agent
3
0

 

N/A
-18 °C