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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Boron vs Nickel

Compare Boron and Nickel

Compare Boron and Nickel on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Boron vs Nickel with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare B vs Ni on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Boron
5
B
10.811
Solid
Black
metalloid
13
boron family 
2
p
[He] 2s2 2p1
2075 °C
4000 °C
2, 3
CAS7440-42-8
Neighborhood Elements of Boron
Nickel
28
Ni
58.6934
Solid
Gray
transition metal
10
nickel family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d8 4s2
1455 °C
2913 °C
2, 8, 16, 2
CAS7440-02-0
Neighborhood Elements of Nickel

History

History
The element Boron was discovered by Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac in year 1808 in France and United Kingdom. Boron derived its name from from borax, a mineral
The element Nickel was discovered by Axel Fredrik Cronstedt in year 1751 in Sweden. Nickel derived its name derived its name from from Swedish kopparnickel, containing the German word Nickel, 'goblin'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
1×10-7%
2×10-7%
1.6e-06
8.6e-06
4.4e-06
7e-07
6e-05
8e-05
0.013
8.9e-05
2×10-7%
1e-07

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

87 pm
4.3947154471545 cm3
82 pm
N/A
755
boron Spectrum
506, 506, 506 pm
1.01334, 1.01334, 1.01334
R_ 3m
166

Simple Trigonal

boron Crystal Structure
149 pm
6.5888414907948 cm3
121 pm
163 pm
37.2
nickel Spectrum
352.4, 352.4, 352.4 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

nickel Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
5
5
5
10.811
5.811
2, 3
[He] 2s2 2p1
2s2 2p1
-5;-1  1;2;3
2P1/2
boron Shells
28
28
28
58.6934
30.6934
2, 8, 16, 2
[Ar] 3d8 4s2
3d8 4s2
-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3F4
nickel Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
10B, 11B.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
58Ni, 60Ni, 61Ni, 62Ni, 64Ni.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

3
2.04
26.7 kJ/mol
800.6, 2427.1, 3659.7, 25025.8, 32826.7 kJ/mol
2
1.91
112 kJ/mol
737.1, 1753, 3395, 5.3×103, 7339, 1.04×104, 1.28×104, 1.56×104, 1.86×104, 21670, 30970, 3.4×104, 3.71×104, 4.15×104, 4.48×104, 4.81×104, 55101, 58570, 1.487×105, 1.59×105, 1.694×105 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

2.46 g/cm3
4.3947154471545

 

N/A
N/A
320 GPa
N/A


 

9.3 MPa
4.9×104 MPa
N/A

 

0.0001 S/m
10000 m Ω
N/A

 

27 W/(m K)
6×10-6 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-8.7×10-9
-9.41×10-11
-2.14e-05

 

N/A

 

1.62×104 m/s
8.908 g/cm3
6.5888414907948

 

200 GPa
76 GPa
180 GPa
0.31


 

4 MPa
638 MPa
700 MPa

 

1.4×107 S/m
7×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

91 W/(m K)
0.0000134 K-1

 

Ferromagnetic
631 K
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A

 

4970 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

2075 °C
4000 °C
N/A
N/A

 

50 kJ/mol
507 kJ/mol
N/A
1455 °C
2913 °C
N/A
N/A

 

17.2 kJ/mol
378 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-42-8
RTECSED7350000
N/A
N/A
N/A
3
N/A
2
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-02-0
RTECSQR5950000
4.1
3089
N/A
4
N/A
2
1

 

N/A
N/A