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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Boron vs Lead

Compare Boron and Lead

Compare Boron and Lead on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Boron vs Lead with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare B vs Pb on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Boron
5
B
10.811
Solid
Black
metalloid
13
boron family 
2
p
[He] 2s2 2p1
2075 °C
4000 °C
2, 3
CAS7440-42-8
Neighborhood Elements of Boron
Lead
82
Pb
207.2
Solid
SlateGray
post-transition metal
14
carbon family 
6
p
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
327.46 °C
1749 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 4
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Neighborhood Elements of Lead

History

History
The element Boron was discovered by Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac in year 1808 in France and United Kingdom. Boron derived its name from from borax, a mineral
The element Lead was discovered by Middle East in year 4000 BC in unknown place. Lead derived its name derived its name from from English word (plumbum in Latin)

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
1×10-7%
2×10-7%
1.6e-06
8.6e-06
4.4e-06
7e-07
1×10-6%
1×10-6%
1.4e-06
9.9e-06
3×10-9%
1.7e-06

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

87 pm
4.3947154471545 cm3
82 pm
N/A
755
boron Spectrum
506, 506, 506 pm
1.01334, 1.01334, 1.01334
R_ 3m
166

Simple Trigonal

boron Crystal Structure
154 pm
18.271604938272 cm3
147 pm
202 pm
0.171
lead Spectrum
495.08, 495.08, 495.08 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

lead Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
5
5
5
10.811
5.811
2, 3
[He] 2s2 2p1
2s2 2p1
-5;-1  1;2;3
2P1/2
boron Shells
82
82
82
207.2
125.2
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 4
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
6s2 6p2
-4;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
lead Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
10B, 11B.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
204Pb, 206Pb, 207Pb, 208Pb.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

3
2.04
26.7 kJ/mol
800.6, 2427.1, 3659.7, 25025.8, 32826.7 kJ/mol
4
2.33
35.1 kJ/mol
715.6, 1450.5, 3081.5, 4083, 6640 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

2.46 g/cm3
4.3947154471545

 

N/A
N/A
320 GPa
N/A


 

9.3 MPa
4.9×104 MPa
N/A

 

0.0001 S/m
10000 m Ω
N/A

 

27 W/(m K)
6×10-6 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-8.7×10-9
-9.41×10-11
-2.14e-05

 

N/A

 

1.62×104 m/s
11.34 g/cm3
18.271604938272

 

16 GPa
5.6 GPa
46 GPa
0.44


 

1.5 MPa
N/A
38.3 MPa

 

4.8×106 S/m
2.1×10-7 m Ω
7.2

 

35 W/(m K)
0.0000289 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.5×10-9
-3.11×10-10
-1.7e-05

 

N/A

 

1260 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

2075 °C
4000 °C
N/A
N/A

 

50 kJ/mol
507 kJ/mol
N/A
327.46 °C
1749 °C
N/A
7.2

 

4.77 kJ/mol
178 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-42-8
RTECSED7350000
N/A
N/A
N/A
3
N/A
2
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7439-92-1
RTECSOF7525000
N/A
3077
N/A
0
N/A
2
0

 

N/A
N/A