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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Bismuth vs Antimony

Compare Bismuth and Antimony

Compare Bismuth and Antimony on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Bismuth vs Antimony with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Bi vs Sb on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Bismuth
83
Bi
208.98038
Solid
Gray
post-transition metal
15
nitrogen family 
6
p
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3
271.3 °C
1564 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 5
CAS7440-69-9
Neighborhood Elements of Bismuth
Antimony
51
Sb
121.76
Solid
Silver
metalloid
15
nitrogen family 
5
p
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p3
630.63 °C
1587 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 5
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Neighborhood Elements of Antimony

History

History
The element Bismuth was discovered by Claude François Geoffroy in year 1400 in unknown place. Bismuth derived its name from from German word, now obsolete
The element Antimony was discovered by unknown in year 3000 BC in unknown place. Antimony derived its name derived its name from from the Greek anti, 'against', and monos, 'alone' (stibium in Latin)

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
7×10-8%
1×10-6%
6.9×10-6%
2.5×10-6%
2×10-9%
N/A
4×10-8%
1×10-7%
1.2e-07
2e-07
2×10-8%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

143 pm
21.368137014315 cm3
146 pm
N/A
0.034
bismuth Spectrum
667.4, 611.7, 330.4 pm
π/2, 1.925622, π/2
C12/m1
12

Base Centered Monoclinic

bismuth Crystal Structure
133 pm
18.18127519785 cm3
138 pm
N/A
5.4
antimony Spectrum
430.7, 430.7, 1127.3 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
R_ 3m
166

Simple Trigonal

antimony Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
83
83
83
208.98038
125.98038
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 5
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3
6s2 6p3
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5
4S3/2
bismuth Shells
51
51
51
121.76
70.76
2, 8, 18, 18, 5
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p3
5s2 5p3
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5
4S3/2
antimony Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
None.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
121Sb, 123Sb.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

5
2.02
91.2 kJ/mol
703, 1610, 2466, 4370, 5.4×103, 8520 kJ/mol
5
2.05
103.2 kJ/mol
834, 1594.9, 2440, 4260, 5.4×103, 1.04×104 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

9.78 g/cm3
21.368137014315

 

32 GPa
12 GPa
31 GPa
0.33


 

2.25 MPa
N/A
94.2 MPa

 

7.7×105 S/m
1.3×10-6 m Ω
N/A

 

8 W/(m K)
0.0000134 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.7×10-8
-3.6×10-9
-0.00017

 

N/A

 

1790 m/s
6.697 g/cm3
18.18127519785

 

55 GPa
20 GPa
42 GPa
N/A


 

3 MPa
N/A
294 MPa

 

2.5×106 S/m
4×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

24 W/(m K)
0.000011 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.09×10-8
-1.327×10-9
-7.3e-05

 

N/A

 

3420 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

271.3 °C
1564 °C
N/A
N/A

 

10.9 kJ/mol
160 kJ/mol
N/A
630.63 °C
1587 °C
N/A
N/A

 

19.7 kJ/mol
68 kJ/mol
{"N/A"} J/(kg K)

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-69-9
RTECSEB2600000
6.1
3080
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-36-0
{RTECSCC4025000}
{N/A}
"N/A"
{N/A}
{N/A}
N/ A
{N/A}
{N/A}

 

N/A
N/A