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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Beryllium vs Zirconium

Compare Beryllium and Zirconium

Compare Beryllium and Zirconium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Beryllium vs Zirconium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Be vs Zr on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Beryllium
4
Be
9.012182
Solid
SlateGray
alkaline earth metal
2
beryllium family 
2
s
[He] 2s2
1287 °C
2470 °C
2, 2
CAS7440-41-7
Neighborhood Elements of Beryllium
Zirconium
40
Zr
91.224
Solid
Silver
transition metal
4
titanium family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d2 5s2
1855 °C
4409 °C
2, 8, 18, 10, 2
CAS7440-67-7
Neighborhood Elements of Zirconium

History

History
The element Beryllium was discovered by Louis Nicolas Vauquelin in year 1797 in France. Beryllium derived its name from from beryl, a mineral
The element Zirconium was discovered by Martin Heinrich Klaproth in year 1789 in Germany. Zirconium derived its name derived its name from from Persian Zargun, 'gold-colored'; German Zirkoon, 'jargoon'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
1×10-7%
1×10-8%
2.9×10-6%
1.9e-06
6×10-11%
4×10-8%
5×10-6%
4×10-6%
6.6e-06
0.00013
2.6×10-9%
5×10-6%

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

112 pm
4.8767218614719 cm3
90 pm
N/A
0.0092
beryllium Spectrum
228.58, 228.58, 358.43 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

beryllium Crystal Structure
206 pm
14.010751036707 cm3
148 pm
N/A
0.184
zirconium Spectrum
323.2, 323.2, 514.7 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

zirconium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
4
4
4
9.012182
5.012182
2, 2
[He] 2s2
2s2
 1;2
1S0
beryllium Shells
40
40
40
91.224
51.224
2, 8, 18, 10, 2
[Kr] 4d2 5s2
4d2 5s2
-2  1;2;3;4
3F2
zirconium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
9Be.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
90Zr, 91Zr, 92Zr, 94Zr.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

2
1.57
0 kJ/mol
899.5, 1757.1, 14848.7, 21006.6 kJ/mol
4
1.33
41.1 kJ/mol
640.1, 1270, 2218, 3313, 7752, 9.5×103 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

1.848 g/cm3
4.8767218614719

 

287 GPa
132 GPa
130 GPa
0.032


 

5.5 MPa
1670 MPa
600 MPa

 

2.5×107 S/m
4×10-8 m Ω
0.026

 

190 W/(m K)
0.0000113 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.26×10-8
-1.136×10-10
-2.328e-05

 

N/A

 

1.3×104 m/s
6.511 g/cm3
14.010751036707

 

68 GPa
33 GPa
N/A
0.34


 

5 MPa
903 MPa
650 MPa

 

2.4×106 S/m
4.2×10-7 m Ω
0.61

 

23 W/(m K)
5.7×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.68×10-8
1.53×10-9
0.000109

 

N/A

 

3.8×103 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1287 °C
2470 °C
N/A
0.026

 

7.95 kJ/mol
297 kJ/mol
N/A
1855 °C
4409 °C
N/A
0.61

 

21 kJ/mol
580 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-41-7
RTECSDS1750000
6.1
1567
N/A
1
N/A
3
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-67-7
N/A
4.2
2008
N/A
1
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A