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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Beryllium vs Niobium

Compare Beryllium and Niobium

Compare Beryllium and Niobium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Beryllium vs Niobium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Be vs Nb on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Beryllium
4
Be
9.012182
Solid
SlateGray
alkaline earth metal
2
beryllium family 
2
s
[He] 2s2
1287 °C
2470 °C
2, 2
CAS7440-41-7
Neighborhood Elements of Beryllium
Niobium
41
Nb
92.90638
Solid
Gray
transition metal
5
vanadium family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d4 5s1
2477 °C
4744 °C
2, 8, 18, 12, 1
CAS7440-03-1
Neighborhood Elements of Niobium

History

History
The element Beryllium was discovered by Louis Nicolas Vauquelin in year 1797 in France. Beryllium derived its name from from beryl, a mineral
The element Niobium was discovered by Charles Hatchett in year 1801 in United Kingdom. Niobium derived its name derived its name from from Niobe, daughter of king Tantalus from Greek mythology

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
1×10-7%
1×10-8%
2.9×10-6%
1.9e-06
6×10-11%
4×10-8%
2×10-7%
4×10-7%
1.9e-07
1.7e-05
1×10-10%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

112 pm
4.8767218614719 cm3
90 pm
N/A
0.0092
beryllium Spectrum
228.58, 228.58, 358.43 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

beryllium Crystal Structure
198 pm
10.840884480747 cm3
137 pm
N/A
1.15
niobium Spectrum
330.04, 330.04, 330.04 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

niobium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
4
4
4
9.012182
5.012182
2, 2
[He] 2s2
2s2
 1;2
1S0
beryllium Shells
41
41
41
92.90638
51.90638
2, 8, 18, 12, 1
[Kr] 4d4 5s1
4d4 5s1
-3;-1  1;2;3;4;5
6D1/2
niobium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
9Be.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
93Nb.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

2
1.57
0 kJ/mol
899.5, 1757.1, 14848.7, 21006.6 kJ/mol
5
1.6
86.1 kJ/mol
652.1, 1380, 2416, 3.7×103, 4877, 9847, 1.21×104 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

1.848 g/cm3
4.8767218614719

 

287 GPa
132 GPa
130 GPa
0.032


 

5.5 MPa
1670 MPa
600 MPa

 

2.5×107 S/m
4×10-8 m Ω
0.026

 

190 W/(m K)
0.0000113 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.26×10-8
-1.136×10-10
-2.328e-05

 

N/A

 

1.3×104 m/s
8.57 g/cm3
10.840884480747

 

105 GPa
38 GPa
170 GPa
0.4


 

6 MPa
1320 MPa
736 MPa

 

6.7×106 S/m
1.5×10-7 m Ω
9.25

 

54 W/(m K)
7.3×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
2.76×10-8
2.56×10-9
0.000237

 

N/A

 

3480 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1287 °C
2470 °C
N/A
0.026

 

7.95 kJ/mol
297 kJ/mol
N/A
2477 °C
4744 °C
N/A
9.25

 

26.8 kJ/mol
690 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-41-7
RTECSDS1750000
6.1
1567
N/A
1
N/A
3
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-03-1
RTECSQT9900000
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A