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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Beryllium vs Actinium

Compare Beryllium and Actinium

Compare Beryllium and Actinium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Beryllium vs Actinium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Be vs Ac on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Beryllium
4
Be
9.012182
Solid
SlateGray
alkaline earth metal
2
beryllium family 
2
s
[He] 2s2
1287 °C
2470 °C
2, 2
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Neighborhood Elements of Beryllium
Actinium
89
Ac
227
Solid
Silver
actinide
N/A
 
7
f
[Rn] 6d1 7s2
1050 °C
3200 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 9, 2
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Neighborhood Elements of Actinium

History

History
The element Beryllium was discovered by Louis Nicolas Vauquelin in year 1797 in France. Beryllium derived its name from from beryl, a mineral
The element Actinium was discovered by Friedrich Oskar Giesel in year 1899 in France. Actinium derived its name derived its name from from the Greek aktis, 'ray'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
1×10-7%
1×10-8%
2.9×10-6%
1.9e-06
6×10-11%
4×10-8%
N/A
None
N/A
N/A
N/A
None

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

112 pm
4.8767218614719 cm3
90 pm
N/A
0.0092
beryllium Spectrum
228.58, 228.58, 358.43 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

beryllium Crystal Structure
195 pm
22.542204568024 cm3
N/A
N/A
810
actinium Spectrum
567, 567, 567 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

actinium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
4
4
4
9.012182
5.012182
2, 2
[He] 2s2
2s2
 1;2
1S0
beryllium Shells
89
89
89
227
138
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 9, 2
[Rn] 6d1 7s2
6d1 7s2
 3
2D3/2
actinium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
9Be.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
None.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

2
1.57
0 kJ/mol
899.5, 1757.1, 14848.7, 21006.6 kJ/mol
3
1.1
N/A
499, 1170 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

1.848 g/cm3
4.8767218614719

 

287 GPa
132 GPa
130 GPa
0.032


 

5.5 MPa
1670 MPa
600 MPa

 

2.5×107 S/m
4×10-8 m Ω
0.026

 

190 W/(m K)
0.0000113 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.26×10-8
-1.136×10-10
-2.328e-05

 

N/A

 

1.3×104 m/s
10.07 g/cm3
22.542204568024

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

12 W/(m K)
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A

 

N/A

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1287 °C
2470 °C
N/A
0.026

 

7.95 kJ/mol
297 kJ/mol
N/A
1050 °C
3200 °C
N/A
N/A

 

14 kJ/mol
400 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-41-7
RTECSDS1750000
6.1
1567
N/A
1
N/A
3
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-34-8
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A