;

Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Barium vs Xenon

Compare Barium and Xenon

Compare Barium and Xenon on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Barium vs Xenon with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Ba vs Xe on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Barium
56
Ba
137.327
Solid
Silver
alkaline earth metal
2
beryllium family 
6
s
[Xe] 6s2
727 °C
1870 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 8, 2
CAS7440-39-3
Neighborhood Elements of Barium
Xenon
54
Xe
131.293
Gas
Colorless
noble gas
18
helium family or neon family 
5
p
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p6
-111.8 °C
-108 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 8
CAS7440-63-3
Neighborhood Elements of Xenon

History

History
The element Barium was discovered by Carl Wilhelm Scheele in year 1808 in United Kingdom. Barium derived its name from from the Greek barys, meaning 'heavy'
The element Xenon was discovered by William Ramsay in year 1898 in United Kingdom. Xenon derived its name derived its name from from the Greek xenos, meaning 'strange'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
1×10-6%
1×10-6%
2.7e-06
0.00034
3×10-6%
3e-07
1×10-6%
N/A
N/A
2×10-9%
5×10-10%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

253 pm
39.124501424501 cm3
198 pm
N/A
1.3
barium Spectrum
502.8, 502.8, 502.8 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

barium Crystal Structure
108 pm
22.253050847458 cm3
130 pm
216 pm
25
xenon Spectrum
620.23, 620.23, 620.23 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

xenon Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
56
56
56
137.327
81.327
2, 8, 18, 18, 8, 2
[Xe] 6s2
6s2
 1;2
1S0
barium Shells
54
54
54
131.293
77.293
2, 8, 18, 18, 8
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p6
5s2 5p6
 2;4;6;8
1S0
xenon Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
130Ba, 132Ba, 134Ba, 135Ba, 136Ba, 137Ba, 138Ba.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
124Xe, 126Xe, 128Xe, 129Xe, 130Xe, 131Xe, 132Xe, 134Xe, 136Xe.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

2
0.89
13.95 kJ/mol
502.9, 965.2, 3.6×103 kJ/mol
6
2.6
0 kJ/mol
1170.4, 2046.4, 3099.4 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

3.51 g/cm3
39.124501424501

 

13 GPa
4.9 GPa
9.6 GPa
N/A


 

1.25 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

2.9×106 S/m
3.5×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

18 W/(m K)
0.0000206 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.13×10-8
1.552×10-9
3.966e-05

 

N/A

 

1620 m/s
5.9 g/l
22.253050847458

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

0.00565 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-4.3×10-9
-5.65×10-10
-2.54×10-8

 

1.000702

 

1090 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

727 °C
1870 °C
N/A
N/A

 

8 kJ/mol
140 kJ/mol
N/A
-111.8 °C
-108 °C
289.77 K
N/A

 

2.3 kJ/mol
12.64 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-39-3
RTECSCQ8370000
4.3
1400
N/A
1
Water Reactive
2
2

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-63-3
RTECSZE1280000
2.2
2591
EU231-172-7
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A

Compare With Other Elements