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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Barium vs Thallium

Compare Barium and Thallium

Compare Barium and Thallium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Barium vs Thallium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Ba vs Tl on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Barium
56
Ba
137.327
Solid
Silver
alkaline earth metal
2
beryllium family 
6
s
[Xe] 6s2
727 °C
1870 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 8, 2
CAS7440-39-3
Neighborhood Elements of Barium
Thallium
81
Tl
204.3833
Solid
Silver
post-transition metal
13
boron family 
6
p
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p1
304 °C
1473 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 3
CAS7440-28-0
Neighborhood Elements of Thallium

History

History
The element Barium was discovered by Carl Wilhelm Scheele in year 1808 in United Kingdom. Barium derived its name from from the Greek barys, meaning 'heavy'
The element Thallium was discovered by William Crookes in year 1861 in United Kingdom. Thallium derived its name derived its name from from the Greek thallos, 'green twig'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
1×10-6%
1×10-6%
2.7e-06
0.00034
3×10-6%
3e-07
5×10-8%
1×10-7%
7.8×10-6%
5.3e-07
1×10-10%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

253 pm
39.124501424501 cm3
198 pm
N/A
1.3
barium Spectrum
502.8, 502.8, 502.8 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

barium Crystal Structure
156 pm
17.247535864979 cm3
148 pm
196 pm
3.4
thallium Spectrum
345.66, 345.66, 552.48 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

thallium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
56
56
56
137.327
81.327
2, 8, 18, 18, 8, 2
[Xe] 6s2
6s2
 1;2
1S0
barium Shells
81
81
81
204.3833
123.3833
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 3
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p1
6s2 6p1
-5;-2;-1  1;2;3
2P1/2
thallium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
130Ba, 132Ba, 134Ba, 135Ba, 136Ba, 137Ba, 138Ba.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
203Tl, 205Tl.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

2
0.89
13.95 kJ/mol
502.9, 965.2, 3.6×103 kJ/mol
3
1.62
19.2 kJ/mol
589.4, 1971, 2878 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

3.51 g/cm3
39.124501424501

 

13 GPa
4.9 GPa
9.6 GPa
N/A


 

1.25 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

2.9×106 S/m
3.5×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

18 W/(m K)
0.0000206 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.13×10-8
1.552×10-9
3.966e-05

 

N/A

 

1620 m/s
11.85 g/cm3
17.247535864979

 

8 GPa
2.8 GPa
43 GPa
0.45


 

1.2 MPa
N/A
26.4 MPa

 

6.7×106 S/m
1.5×10-7 m Ω
2.38

 

46 W/(m K)
0.0000299 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-3×10-9
-6.13×10-10
-3.56e-05

 

N/A

 

818 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

727 °C
1870 °C
N/A
N/A

 

8 kJ/mol
140 kJ/mol
N/A
304 °C
1473 °C
N/A
2.38

 

4.2 kJ/mol
165 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-39-3
RTECSCQ8370000
4.3
1400
N/A
1
Water Reactive
2
2

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-28-0
RTECSXG3425000
N/A
1707
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A