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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Barium vs Aluminium

Compare Barium and Aluminium

Compare Barium and Aluminium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Barium vs Aluminium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Ba vs Al on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Barium
56
Ba
137.327
Solid
Silver
alkaline earth metal
2
beryllium family 
6
s
[Xe] 6s2
727 °C
1870 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 8, 2
CAS7440-39-3
Neighborhood Elements of Barium
Aluminium
13
Al
26.981538
Solid
Silver
post-transition metal
13
boron family 
3
p
[Ne] 3s2 3p1
660.32 °C
2519 °C
2, 8, 3
CAS7429-90-5
Neighborhood Elements of Aluminium

History

History
The element Barium was discovered by Carl Wilhelm Scheele in year 1808 in United Kingdom. Barium derived its name from from the Greek barys, meaning 'heavy'
The element Aluminium was discovered by in year 1825 in Denmark. Aluminium derived its name derived its name from from alumina, a compound (originally aluminum)

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
1×10-6%
1×10-6%
2.7e-06
0.00034
3×10-6%
3e-07
5e-05
6e-05
0.0091
0.081
5×10-7%
9e-07

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

253 pm
39.124501424501 cm3
198 pm
N/A
1.3
barium Spectrum
502.8, 502.8, 502.8 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

barium Crystal Structure
118 pm
9.9931622222222 cm3
118 pm
N/A
0.233
aluminium Spectrum
404.95, 404.95, 404.95 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

aluminium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
56
56
56
137.327
81.327
2, 8, 18, 18, 8, 2
[Xe] 6s2
6s2
 1;2
1S0
barium Shells
13
13
13
26.981538
13.981538
2, 8, 3
[Ne] 3s2 3p1
3s2 3p1
-2;-1  1;2;3
2P1/2
aluminium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
130Ba, 132Ba, 134Ba, 135Ba, 136Ba, 137Ba, 138Ba.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
27Al.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

2
0.89
13.95 kJ/mol
502.9, 965.2, 3.6×103 kJ/mol
3
1.61
42.5 kJ/mol
577.5, 1816.7, 2744.8, 11577, 14842, 18379, 23326, 27465, 31853, 38473 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

3.51 g/cm3
39.124501424501

 

13 GPa
4.9 GPa
9.6 GPa
N/A


 

1.25 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

2.9×106 S/m
3.5×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

18 W/(m K)
0.0000206 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.13×10-8
1.552×10-9
3.966e-05

 

N/A

 

1620 m/s
2.7 g/cm3
9.9931622222222

 

70 GPa
26 GPa
76 GPa
0.35


 

2.75 MPa
167 MPa
245 MPa

 

3.8×107 S/m
2.6×10-8 m Ω
1.175

 

235 W/(m K)
0.0000231 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
7.8×10-9
2.1×10-10
2.11e-05

 

N/A

 

5.1×103 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

727 °C
1870 °C
N/A
N/A

 

8 kJ/mol
140 kJ/mol
N/A
660.32 °C
2519 °C
N/A
1.175

 

10.7 kJ/mol
293 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-39-3
RTECSCQ8370000
4.3
1400
N/A
1
Water Reactive
2
2

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7429-90-5
RTECSBD0330000
4.3
1396
N/A
1
N/A
0
1

 

400 °C
645 °C