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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Arsenic vs Mercury

Compare Arsenic and Mercury

Compare Arsenic and Mercury on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Arsenic vs Mercury with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare As vs Hg on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Arsenic
33
As
74.9216
Solid
Silver
metalloid
15
nitrogen family 
4
p
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p3
817 °C
614 °C
2, 8, 18, 5
CAS7440-38-2
Neighborhood Elements of Arsenic
Mercury
80
Hg
200.59
Liquid
Silver
transition metal
12
zinc family 
6
d
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2
-38.83 °C
356.73 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 2
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Neighborhood Elements of Mercury

History

History
The element Arsenic was discovered by Bronze Age in year 1250 in unknown place. Arsenic derived its name from English word (Latin arsenicum)
The element Mercury was discovered by unknown in year 1500 BC in unknown place. Mercury derived its name derived its name from from the New Latin name mercurius, named after the Roman god (Hg from former name hydrargyrum, from Greek hydr-, 'water', and argyros, 'silver')

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
8×10-7%
N/A
1.8e-06
2.1e-06
2.3×10-7%
5×10-6%
1×10-7%
2×10-6%
2.5e-07
6.7×10-6%
5×10-9%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

114 pm
13.082172166929 cm3
119 pm
185 pm
4.3
arsenic Spectrum
375.98, 375.98, 1054.75 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
R_ 3m
166

Simple Trigonal

arsenic Crystal Structure
171 pm
14.821191074331 cm3
149 pm
155 pm
374
mercury Spectrum
300.5, 300.5, 300.5 pm
1.23081, 1.23081, 1.23081
R_ 3m
166

Simple Trigonal

mercury Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
33
33
33
74.9216
41.9216
2, 8, 18, 5
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p3
4s2 4p3
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5
4S3/2
arsenic Shells
80
80
80
200.59
120.59
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 2
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2
5d10 6s2
-2  1;2
1S0
mercury Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
75As.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
196Hg, 198Hg, 199Hg, 200Hg, 201Hg, 202Hg, 204Hg.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

5
2.18
78 kJ/mol
947, 1798, 2735, 4837, 6043, 12310 kJ/mol
2
2
0 kJ/mol
1007.1, 1810, 3.3×103 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

5.727 g/cm3
13.082172166929

 

8 GPa
N/A
22 GPa
N/A


 

3.5 MPa
N/A
1440 MPa

 

3.3×106 S/m
3×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

50 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-3.9×10-9
-2.92×10-10
-2.23e-05

 

1.001552

 

N/A
13.534 g/cm3
14.821191074331

 

N/A
N/A
25 GPa
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

1×106 S/m
9.6×10-7 m Ω
4.154

 

8.3 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-2.1×10-9
-4.21×10-10
-2.84e-05

 

1.000933

 

1407 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

817 °C
614 °C
N/A
N/A

 

27.7 kJ/mol
32.4 kJ/mol
{"N/A", "N/A", "N/A"} J/(kg K)
-38.83 °C
356.73 °C
1750 K
4.154

 

2.29 kJ/mol
59.2 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-38-2
{N/A, RTECSCG0525000, N/A}
{N/A, 6.1, N/A}
"N/A", {1558}, "N/A"
{N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, 2, N/A}
N/ A, N/ A, N/ A
{N/A, 3, N/A}
{N/A, N/A, N/A}

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7439-97-6
RTECSOV4550000
8
2809
N/A
0
N/A
3
0

 

N/A
N/A