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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Argon vs Lead

Compare Argon and Lead

Compare Argon and Lead on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Argon vs Lead with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Ar vs Pb on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Argon
18
Ar
39.948
Gas
Colorless
noble gas
18
helium family or neon family 
3
p
[Ne] 3s2 3p6
-189.3 °C
-185.8 °C
2, 8, 8
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Neighborhood Elements of Argon
Lead
82
Pb
207.2
Solid
SlateGray
post-transition metal
14
carbon family 
6
p
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
327.46 °C
1749 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 4
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Neighborhood Elements of Lead

History

History
The element Argon was discovered by Lord Rayleigh in year 1894 in United Kingdom. Argon derived its name from from the Greek word argos, meaning 'idle'
The element Lead was discovered by Middle East in year 4000 BC in unknown place. Lead derived its name derived its name from from English word (plumbum in Latin)

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
0.0002
7e-05
N/A
1.5e-06
4.5e-07
N/A
1×10-6%
1×10-6%
1.4e-06
9.9e-06
3×10-9%
1.7e-06

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

71 pm
22.392376681614 cm3
97 pm
188 pm
0.65
argon Spectrum
525.6, 525.6, 525.6 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

argon Crystal Structure
154 pm
18.271604938272 cm3
147 pm
202 pm
0.171
lead Spectrum
495.08, 495.08, 495.08 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

lead Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
18
18
18
39.948
21.948
2, 8, 8
[Ne] 3s2 3p6
3s2 3p6
 
1S0
argon Shells
82
82
82
207.2
125.2
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 4
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
6s2 6p2
-4;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
lead Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
36Ar, 38Ar, 40Ar.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
204Pb, 206Pb, 207Pb, 208Pb.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

0
N/A
0 kJ/mol
1520.6, 2665.8, 3931, 5771, 7238, 8781, 11995, 13842, 40760, 46186 kJ/mol
4
2.33
35.1 kJ/mol
715.6, 1450.5, 3081.5, 4083, 6640 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

1.784 g/l
22.392376681614

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

0.01772 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-6×10-9
-2.4×10-10
-1.07×10-8

 

1.000281

 

319 m/s
11.34 g/cm3
18.271604938272

 

16 GPa
5.6 GPa
46 GPa
0.44


 

1.5 MPa
N/A
38.3 MPa

 

4.8×106 S/m
2.1×10-7 m Ω
7.2

 

35 W/(m K)
0.0000289 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.5×10-9
-3.11×10-10
-1.7e-05

 

N/A

 

1260 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

-189.3 °C
-185.8 °C
150.87 K
N/A

 

1.18 kJ/mol
6.5 kJ/mol
N/A
327.46 °C
1749 °C
N/A
7.2

 

4.77 kJ/mol
178 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-37-1
RTECSCF2300000
2.2
1951
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7439-92-1
RTECSOF7525000
N/A
3077
N/A
0
N/A
2
0

 

N/A
N/A