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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Argon vs Antimony

Compare Argon and Antimony

Compare Argon and Antimony on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Argon vs Antimony with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Ar vs Sb on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Argon
18
Ar
39.948
Gas
Colorless
noble gas
18
helium family or neon family 
3
p
[Ne] 3s2 3p6
-189.3 °C
-185.8 °C
2, 8, 8
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Neighborhood Elements of Argon
Antimony
51
Sb
121.76
Solid
Silver
metalloid
15
nitrogen family 
5
p
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p3
630.63 °C
1587 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 5
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Neighborhood Elements of Antimony

History

History
The element Argon was discovered by Lord Rayleigh in year 1894 in United Kingdom. Argon derived its name from from the Greek word argos, meaning 'idle'
The element Antimony was discovered by unknown in year 3000 BC in unknown place. Antimony derived its name derived its name from from the Greek anti, 'against', and monos, 'alone' (stibium in Latin)

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
0.0002
7e-05
N/A
1.5e-06
4.5e-07
N/A
4×10-8%
1×10-7%
1.2e-07
2e-07
2×10-8%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

71 pm
22.392376681614 cm3
97 pm
188 pm
0.65
argon Spectrum
525.6, 525.6, 525.6 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

argon Crystal Structure
133 pm
18.18127519785 cm3
138 pm
N/A
5.4
antimony Spectrum
430.7, 430.7, 1127.3 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
R_ 3m
166

Simple Trigonal

antimony Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
18
18
18
39.948
21.948
2, 8, 8
[Ne] 3s2 3p6
3s2 3p6
 
1S0
argon Shells
51
51
51
121.76
70.76
2, 8, 18, 18, 5
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p3
5s2 5p3
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5
4S3/2
antimony Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
36Ar, 38Ar, 40Ar.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
121Sb, 123Sb.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

0
N/A
0 kJ/mol
1520.6, 2665.8, 3931, 5771, 7238, 8781, 11995, 13842, 40760, 46186 kJ/mol
5
2.05
103.2 kJ/mol
834, 1594.9, 2440, 4260, 5.4×103, 1.04×104 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

1.784 g/l
22.392376681614

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

0.01772 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-6×10-9
-2.4×10-10
-1.07×10-8

 

1.000281

 

319 m/s
6.697 g/cm3
18.18127519785

 

55 GPa
20 GPa
42 GPa
N/A


 

3 MPa
N/A
294 MPa

 

2.5×106 S/m
4×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

24 W/(m K)
0.000011 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.09×10-8
-1.327×10-9
-7.3e-05

 

N/A

 

3420 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

-189.3 °C
-185.8 °C
150.87 K
N/A

 

1.18 kJ/mol
6.5 kJ/mol
N/A
630.63 °C
1587 °C
N/A
N/A

 

19.7 kJ/mol
68 kJ/mol
{"N/A"} J/(kg K)

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-37-1
RTECSCF2300000
2.2
1951
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-36-0
{RTECSCC4025000}
{N/A}
"N/A"
{N/A}
{N/A}
N/ A
{N/A}
{N/A}

 

N/A
N/A