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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Antimony vs Rhodium

Compare Antimony and Rhodium

Compare Antimony and Rhodium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Antimony vs Rhodium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Sb vs Rh on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Antimony
51
Sb
121.76
Solid
Silver
metalloid
15
nitrogen family 
5
p
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p3
630.63 °C
1587 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 5
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Neighborhood Elements of Antimony
Rhodium
45
Rh
102.9055
Solid
Silver
transition metal
9
cobalt family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d8 5s1
1964 °C
3695 °C
2, 8, 18, 16, 1
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Neighborhood Elements of Rhodium

History

History
The element Antimony was discovered by unknown in year 3000 BC in unknown place. Antimony derived its name from from the Greek anti, 'against', and monos, 'alone' (stibium in Latin)
The element Rhodium was discovered by William Hyde Wollaston in year 1803 in United Kingdom. Rhodium derived its name derived its name from from the Greek rhodos, meaning 'rose coloured'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
4×10-8%
1×10-7%
1.2e-07
2e-07
2×10-8%
N/A
6×10-8%
2×10-7%
1.8e-07
7×10-8%
N/A
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

133 pm
18.18127519785 cm3
138 pm
N/A
5.4
antimony Spectrum
430.7, 430.7, 1127.3 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
R_ 3m
166

Simple Trigonal

antimony Crystal Structure
173 pm
8.2655020080321 cm3
135 pm
N/A
145
rhodium Spectrum
380.34, 380.34, 380.34 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

rhodium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
51
51
51
121.76
70.76
2, 8, 18, 18, 5
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p3
5s2 5p3
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5
4S3/2
antimony Shells
45
45
45
102.9055
57.9055
2, 8, 18, 16, 1
[Kr] 4d8 5s1
4d8 5s1
-3;-1  1;2;3;4;5;6
4F9/2
rhodium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
121Sb, 123Sb.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
103Rh.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

5
2.05
103.2 kJ/mol
834, 1594.9, 2440, 4260, 5.4×103, 1.04×104 kJ/mol
6
2.28
109.7 kJ/mol
719.7, 1740, 2997 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

6.697 g/cm3
18.18127519785

 

55 GPa
20 GPa
42 GPa
N/A


 

3 MPa
N/A
294 MPa

 

2.5×106 S/m
4×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

24 W/(m K)
0.000011 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.09×10-8
-1.327×10-9
-7.3e-05

 

N/A

 

3420 m/s
12.45 g/cm3
8.2655020080321

 

275 GPa
150 GPa
380 GPa
0.26


 

6 MPa
1246 MPa
1.1×103 MPa

 

2.3×107 S/m
4.3×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

150 W/(m K)
8.2×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.36×10-8
1.4×10-9
0.0001693

 

N/A

 

4.7×103 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

630.63 °C
1587 °C
N/A
N/A

 

19.7 kJ/mol
68 kJ/mol
{"N/A"} J/(kg K)
1964 °C
3695 °C
N/A
N/A

 

21.7 kJ/mol
495 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-36-0
{RTECSCC4025000}
{N/A}
"N/A"
{N/A}
{N/A}
N/ A
{N/A}
{N/A}

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-16-6
RTECSVI9069000
4.1
3089
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A