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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Antimony vs Nickel

Compare Antimony and Nickel

Compare Antimony and Nickel on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Antimony vs Nickel with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Sb vs Ni on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Antimony
51
Sb
121.76
Solid
Silver
metalloid
15
nitrogen family 
5
p
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p3
630.63 °C
1587 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 5
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Neighborhood Elements of Antimony
Nickel
28
Ni
58.6934
Solid
Gray
transition metal
10
nickel family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d8 4s2
1455 °C
2913 °C
2, 8, 16, 2
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Neighborhood Elements of Nickel

History

History
The element Antimony was discovered by unknown in year 3000 BC in unknown place. Antimony derived its name from from the Greek anti, 'against', and monos, 'alone' (stibium in Latin)
The element Nickel was discovered by Axel Fredrik Cronstedt in year 1751 in Sweden. Nickel derived its name derived its name from from Swedish kopparnickel, containing the German word Nickel, 'goblin'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
4×10-8%
1×10-7%
1.2e-07
2e-07
2×10-8%
N/A
6e-05
8e-05
0.013
8.9e-05
2×10-7%
1e-07

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

133 pm
18.18127519785 cm3
138 pm
N/A
5.4
antimony Spectrum
430.7, 430.7, 1127.3 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
R_ 3m
166

Simple Trigonal

antimony Crystal Structure
149 pm
6.5888414907948 cm3
121 pm
163 pm
37.2
nickel Spectrum
352.4, 352.4, 352.4 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

nickel Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
51
51
51
121.76
70.76
2, 8, 18, 18, 5
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p3
5s2 5p3
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5
4S3/2
antimony Shells
28
28
28
58.6934
30.6934
2, 8, 16, 2
[Ar] 3d8 4s2
3d8 4s2
-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3F4
nickel Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
121Sb, 123Sb.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
58Ni, 60Ni, 61Ni, 62Ni, 64Ni.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

5
2.05
103.2 kJ/mol
834, 1594.9, 2440, 4260, 5.4×103, 1.04×104 kJ/mol
2
1.91
112 kJ/mol
737.1, 1753, 3395, 5.3×103, 7339, 1.04×104, 1.28×104, 1.56×104, 1.86×104, 21670, 30970, 3.4×104, 3.71×104, 4.15×104, 4.48×104, 4.81×104, 55101, 58570, 1.487×105, 1.59×105, 1.694×105 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

6.697 g/cm3
18.18127519785

 

55 GPa
20 GPa
42 GPa
N/A


 

3 MPa
N/A
294 MPa

 

2.5×106 S/m
4×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

24 W/(m K)
0.000011 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.09×10-8
-1.327×10-9
-7.3e-05

 

N/A

 

3420 m/s
8.908 g/cm3
6.5888414907948

 

200 GPa
76 GPa
180 GPa
0.31


 

4 MPa
638 MPa
700 MPa

 

1.4×107 S/m
7×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

91 W/(m K)
0.0000134 K-1

 

Ferromagnetic
631 K
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A

 

4970 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

630.63 °C
1587 °C
N/A
N/A

 

19.7 kJ/mol
68 kJ/mol
{"N/A"} J/(kg K)
1455 °C
2913 °C
N/A
N/A

 

17.2 kJ/mol
378 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-36-0
{RTECSCC4025000}
{N/A}
"N/A"
{N/A}
{N/A}
N/ A
{N/A}
{N/A}

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-02-0
RTECSQR5950000
4.1
3089
N/A
4
N/A
2
1

 

N/A
N/A