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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Antimony vs Lanthanum

Compare Antimony and Lanthanum

Compare Antimony and Lanthanum on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Antimony vs Lanthanum with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Sb vs La on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Antimony
51
Sb
121.76
Solid
Silver
metalloid
15
nitrogen family 
5
p
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p3
630.63 °C
1587 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 5
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Neighborhood Elements of Antimony
Lanthanum
57
La
138.9055
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 5d1 6s2
920 °C
3464 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 9, 2
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Neighborhood Elements of Lanthanum

History

History
The element Antimony was discovered by unknown in year 3000 BC in unknown place. Antimony derived its name from from the Greek anti, 'against', and monos, 'alone' (stibium in Latin)
The element Lanthanum was discovered by Carl Gustaf Mosander in year 1839 in Sweden. Lanthanum derived its name derived its name from from the Greek lanthanein, meaning 'to lie hidden'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
4×10-8%
1×10-7%
1.2e-07
2e-07
2×10-8%
N/A
2×10-7%
2×10-7%
2.8e-07
3.4e-05
3.4×10-10%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

133 pm
18.18127519785 cm3
138 pm
N/A
5.4
antimony Spectrum
430.7, 430.7, 1127.3 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
R_ 3m
166

Simple Trigonal

antimony Crystal Structure
195 pm
22.600959973967 cm3
169 pm
N/A
8.98
lanthanum Spectrum
377.2, 377.2, 1214.4 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

lanthanum Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
51
51
51
121.76
70.76
2, 8, 18, 18, 5
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p3
5s2 5p3
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5
4S3/2
antimony Shells
57
57
57
138.9055
81.9055
2, 8, 18, 18, 9, 2
[Xe] 5d1 6s2
5d1 6s2
 1;2;3
2D3/2
lanthanum Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
121Sb, 123Sb.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
139La.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

5
2.05
103.2 kJ/mol
834, 1594.9, 2440, 4260, 5.4×103, 1.04×104 kJ/mol
3
1.1
48 kJ/mol
538.1, 1067, 1850.3, 4819, 5940 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

6.697 g/cm3
18.18127519785

 

55 GPa
20 GPa
42 GPa
N/A


 

3 MPa
N/A
294 MPa

 

2.5×106 S/m
4×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

24 W/(m K)
0.000011 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.09×10-8
-1.327×10-9
-7.3e-05

 

N/A

 

3420 m/s
6.146 g/cm3
22.600959973967

 

37 GPa
14 GPa
28 GPa
0.28


 

2.5 MPa
491 MPa
363 MPa

 

1.6×106 S/m
6.1×10-7 m Ω
4.88

 

13 W/(m K)
0.0000121 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.1×10-8
1.528×10-9
6.761e-05

 

N/A

 

2475 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

630.63 °C
1587 °C
N/A
N/A

 

19.7 kJ/mol
68 kJ/mol
{"N/A"} J/(kg K)
920 °C
3464 °C
N/A
4.88

 

6.2 kJ/mol
400 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-36-0
{RTECSCC4025000}
{N/A}
"N/A"
{N/A}
{N/A}
N/ A
{N/A}
{N/A}

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7439-91-0
N/A
4.1
3178
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A