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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Antimony vs Copper

Compare Antimony and Copper

Compare Antimony and Copper on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Antimony vs Copper with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Sb vs Cu on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Antimony
51
Sb
121.76
Solid
Silver
metalloid
15
nitrogen family 
5
p
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p3
630.63 °C
1587 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 5
CAS7440-36-0
Neighborhood Elements of Antimony
Copper
29
Cu
63.546
Solid
Copper
transition metal
11
copper family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d10 4s1
1084.62 °C
2927 °C
2, 8, 18, 1
CAS7440-50-8
Neighborhood Elements of Copper

History

History
The element Antimony was discovered by unknown in year 3000 BC in unknown place. Antimony derived its name from from the Greek anti, 'against', and monos, 'alone' (stibium in Latin)
The element Copper was discovered by Middle East in year 8000 BC in unknown place. Copper derived its name derived its name from from English word (Latin cuprum)

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
4×10-8%
1×10-7%
1.2e-07
2e-07
2×10-8%
N/A
6×10-6%
7e-07
0.00011
6.8e-05
3×10-7%
1e-06

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

133 pm
18.18127519785 cm3
138 pm
N/A
5.4
antimony Spectrum
430.7, 430.7, 1127.3 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
R_ 3m
166

Simple Trigonal

antimony Crystal Structure
145 pm
7.1239910313901 cm3
138 pm
140 pm
3.78
copper Spectrum
361.49, 361.49, 361.49 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

copper Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
51
51
51
121.76
70.76
2, 8, 18, 18, 5
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p3
5s2 5p3
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5
4S3/2
antimony Shells
29
29
29
63.546
34.546
2, 8, 18, 1
[Ar] 3d10 4s1
3d10 4s1
-2  1;2;3;4
2S1/2
copper Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
121Sb, 123Sb.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
63Cu, 65Cu.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

5
2.05
103.2 kJ/mol
834, 1594.9, 2440, 4260, 5.4×103, 1.04×104 kJ/mol
2
1.9
118.4 kJ/mol
745.5, 1957.9, 3555, 5536, 7.7×103, 9.9×103, 1.34×104, 1.6×104, 1.92×104, 2.24×104, 2.56×104, 3.56×104, 3.87×104, 4.2×104, 4.67×104, 5.02×104, 5.37×104, 6.11×104, 64702, 1.637×105, 1.741×105 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

6.697 g/cm3
18.18127519785

 

55 GPa
20 GPa
42 GPa
N/A


 

3 MPa
N/A
294 MPa

 

2.5×106 S/m
4×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

24 W/(m K)
0.000011 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.09×10-8
-1.327×10-9
-7.3e-05

 

N/A

 

3420 m/s
8.92 g/cm3
7.1239910313901

 

130 GPa
48 GPa
140 GPa
0.34


 

3 MPa
369 MPa
874 MPa

 

5.9×107 S/m
1.7×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

400 W/(m K)
0.0000165 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.08×10-9
-6.86×10-11
-9.63×10-6

 

N/A

 

3570 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

630.63 °C
1587 °C
N/A
N/A

 

19.7 kJ/mol
68 kJ/mol
{"N/A"} J/(kg K)
1084.62 °C
2927 °C
N/A
N/A

 

13.1 kJ/mol
300 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-36-0
{RTECSCC4025000}
{N/A}
"N/A"
{N/A}
{N/A}
N/ A
{N/A}
{N/A}

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-50-8
RTECSGL5325000
4.1
3089
N/A
1
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A