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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Antimony vs Chlorine

Compare Antimony and Chlorine

Compare Antimony and Chlorine on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Antimony vs Chlorine with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Sb vs Cl on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Antimony
51
Sb
121.76
Solid
Silver
metalloid
15
nitrogen family 
5
p
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p3
630.63 °C
1587 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 5
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Neighborhood Elements of Antimony
Chlorine
17
Cl
35.453
Gas
Yellow
halogens
17
fluorine family 
3
p
[Ne] 3s2 3p5
-101.5 °C
-34.04 °C
2, 8, 7
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Neighborhood Elements of Chlorine

History

History
The element Antimony was discovered by unknown in year 3000 BC in unknown place. Antimony derived its name from from the Greek anti, 'against', and monos, 'alone' (stibium in Latin)
The element Chlorine was discovered by Carl Wilhelm Scheele in year 1774 in Sweden. Chlorine derived its name derived its name from from the Greek word chloros, meaning 'greenish yellow'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
4×10-8%
1×10-7%
1.2e-07
2e-07
2×10-8%
N/A
1e-06
8e-06
0.00037
0.00017
0.02
0.0012

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

133 pm
18.18127519785 cm3
138 pm
N/A
5.4
antimony Spectrum
430.7, 430.7, 1127.3 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
R_ 3m
166

Simple Trigonal

antimony Crystal Structure
79 pm
11.030802738021 cm3
99 pm
175 pm
35.3
chlorine Spectrum
622.35, 445.61, 817.85 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Cmca
64

Base Centered Orthorhombic

chlorine Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
51
51
51
121.76
70.76
2, 8, 18, 18, 5
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p3
5s2 5p3
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5
4S3/2
antimony Shells
17
17
17
35.453
18.453
2, 8, 7
[Ne] 3s2 3p5
3s2 3p5
-1  1;2;3;4;5;6;7
2P3/2
chlorine Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
121Sb, 123Sb.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
35Cl, 37Cl.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

5
2.05
103.2 kJ/mol
834, 1594.9, 2440, 4260, 5.4×103, 1.04×104 kJ/mol
5
3.16
349 kJ/mol
1251.2, 2298, 3822, 5158.6, 6542, 9362, 11018, 33604, 3.86×104, 43961 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

6.697 g/cm3
18.18127519785

 

55 GPa
20 GPa
42 GPa
N/A


 

3 MPa
N/A
294 MPa

 

2.5×106 S/m
4×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

24 W/(m K)
0.000011 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.09×10-8
-1.327×10-9
-7.3e-05

 

N/A

 

3420 m/s
3.214 g/l
11.030802738021

 

N/A
N/A
1.1 GPa
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

0.01 S/m
100 m Ω
N/A

 

0.0089 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-7.2×10-9
-5.11×10-10
-2.31×10-8

 

1.000773

 

206 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

630.63 °C
1587 °C
N/A
N/A

 

19.7 kJ/mol
68 kJ/mol
{"N/A"} J/(kg K)
-101.5 °C
-34.04 °C
416.9 K
N/A

 

3.2 kJ/mol
10.2 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

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{RTECSCC4025000}
{N/A}
"N/A"
{N/A}
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N/ A
{N/A}
{N/A}

 

N/A
N/A
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RTECSFO2100000
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A