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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Americium vs Potassium

Compare Americium and Potassium

Compare Americium and Potassium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Americium vs Potassium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Am vs K on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Americium
95
Am
243
Solid
Silver
actinide
N/A
 
7
f
[Rn] 5f7 7s2
1176 °C
2011 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 25, 8, 2
CAS7440-35-9
Neighborhood Elements of Americium
Potassium
19
K
39.0983
Solid
Silver
alkali metal
1
lithium family 
4
s
[Ar] 4s1
63.38 °C
759 °C
2, 8, 8, 1
CAS7440-09-7
Neighborhood Elements of Potassium

History

History
The element Americium was discovered by Glenn T. Seaborg in year 1944 in United States. Americium derived its name from from The Americas, as the element was first synthesized on the continent, by analogy with europium
The element Potassium was discovered by Humphry Davy in year 1807 in United Kingdom. Potassium derived its name derived its name from from New Latin potassa, 'potash' (kalium in Latin)

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
N/A
None
None
None
None
None
3e-06
4e-06
0.0007
0.015
0.00042
0.002

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

175 pm
17.77615215801 cm3
N/A
N/A
74
americium Spectrum
346.81, 346.81, 1124.1 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

americium Crystal Structure
243 pm
45.67558411215 cm3
196 pm
275 pm
2.1
potassium Spectrum
532.8, 532.8, 532.8 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

potassium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
95
95
95
243
148
2, 8, 18, 32, 25, 8, 2
[Rn] 5f7 7s2
5f7 7s2
 2;3;4;5;6;7
8S7/2
americium Shells
19
19
19
39.0983
20.0983
2, 8, 8, 1
[Ar] 4s1
4s1
-1  1
2S1/2
potassium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
None.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
39K, 41K.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

4
1.3
N/A
578 kJ/mol
1
0.82
48.4 kJ/mol
418.8, 3052, 4420, 5877, 7975, 9590, 11343, 14944, 16963.7, 48610 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

13.67 g/cm3
17.77615215801

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
0.6

 

10 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
5.15×10-8
1.251×10-8
0.000704

 

N/A

 

N/A
0.856 g/cm3
45.67558411215

 

N/A
1.3 GPa
3.1 GPa
N/A


 

0.4 MPa
N/A
0.363 MPa

 

1.4×107 S/m
7×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

100 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
6.7×10-9
2.62×10-10
5.74×10-6

 

N/A

 

2×103 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1176 °C
2011 °C
N/A
0.6

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
63.38 °C
759 °C
2223 K
N/A

 

2.33 kJ/mol
76.9 kJ/mol
-182 J/(kg K)

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-35-9
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-09-7
RTECSTS6460000
4.3
2257
N/A
3
Water Reactive
3
2

 

440 °C
N/A