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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Aluminium vs Indium

Compare Aluminium and Indium

Compare Aluminium and Indium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Aluminium vs Indium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Al vs In on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Aluminium
13
Al
26.981538
Solid
Silver
post-transition metal
13
boron family 
3
p
[Ne] 3s2 3p1
660.32 °C
2519 °C
2, 8, 3
CAS7429-90-5
Neighborhood Elements of Aluminium
Indium
49
In
114.818
Solid
Silver
post-transition metal
13
boron family 
5
p
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p1
156.6 °C
2072 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 3
CAS7440-74-6
Neighborhood Elements of Indium

History

History
The element Aluminium was discovered by in year 1825 in Denmark. Aluminium derived its name from from alumina, a compound (originally aluminum)
The element Indium was discovered by Ferdinand Reich in year 1863 in Germany. Indium derived its name derived its name from from indigo

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
5e-05
6e-05
0.0091
0.081
5×10-7%
9e-07
3×10-8%
4×10-7%
4.4×10-6%
1.6e-07
1×10-11%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

118 pm
9.9931622222222 cm3
118 pm
N/A
0.233
aluminium Spectrum
404.95, 404.95, 404.95 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

aluminium Crystal Structure
156 pm
15.706976744186 cm3
144 pm
193 pm
194
indium Spectrum
325.23, 325.23, 494.61 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
I4/mmm
139

Centered Tetragonal

indium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
13
13
13
26.981538
13.981538
2, 8, 3
[Ne] 3s2 3p1
3s2 3p1
-2;-1  1;2;3
2P1/2
aluminium Shells
49
49
49
114.818
65.818
2, 8, 18, 18, 3
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p1
5s2 5p1
-5;-2;-1  1;2;3
2P1/2
indium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
27Al.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
113In.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

3
1.61
42.5 kJ/mol
577.5, 1816.7, 2744.8, 11577, 14842, 18379, 23326, 27465, 31853, 38473 kJ/mol
3
1.78
28.9 kJ/mol
558.3, 1820.7, 2704, 5210 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

2.7 g/cm3
9.9931622222222

 

70 GPa
26 GPa
76 GPa
0.35


 

2.75 MPa
167 MPa
245 MPa

 

3.8×107 S/m
2.6×10-8 m Ω
1.175

 

235 W/(m K)
0.0000231 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
7.8×10-9
2.1×10-10
2.11e-05

 

N/A

 

5.1×103 m/s
7.31 g/cm3
15.706976744186

 

11 GPa
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

1.2 MPa
N/A
8.83 MPa

 

1.2×107 S/m
8×10-8 m Ω
3.41

 

82 W/(m K)
0.0000321 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.4×10-9
-1.61×10-10
-1.02e-05

 

N/A

 

1215 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

660.32 °C
2519 °C
N/A
1.175

 

10.7 kJ/mol
293 kJ/mol
N/A
156.6 °C
2072 °C
N/A
3.41

 

3.26 kJ/mol
230 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7429-90-5
RTECSBD0330000
4.3
1396
N/A
1
N/A
0
1

 

400 °C
645 °C
CAS7440-74-6
RTECSNL1050000
4.1
3089
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A