Element 6 of Periodic table is
Carbon with atomic number 6,
atomic weight 12.0107.
Carbon, symbol C, has a
Simple Hexagonal structure and Black color.
Carbon is a other nonmetal element.
Trivial name of Carbon is tetrels, crystallogens.
Know everything about Carbon Facts, Physical Properties, Chemical
Properties, Electronic configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.
Carbon (from Latin:carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6. On the periodic table, it is the first (row 2) of six elements in column (group) 14, which have in common the composition of their outer electron shell. It is nonmetallic and tetravalent—making four electrons available to form covalent chemical bonds.
Read key information and facts about element Carbon
Explore our interactive periodic table
Periodic table is arranged by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus which is same as number of
The atomic number increases from left to right. Periodic table starts at top left ( Atomic number 1) and
ends at bottom right (atomic number 118). Therefore you can directly look for atomic number
6 to find Carbon on periodic table.
Another way to read periodic table and locate an element is by using group number (column)
and period number (row). To locate Carbon on periodic
table look for cross section of group 14 and period
2 in the modern periodic table.
Interactive Periodic Table to Understand
and Learn Cool Trends
The element Carbon was discovered by Ancient Egypt in year
N/A in unknown place
derived its name the Latin word carbo, meaning 'coal'
The table below shows the abundance of Carbon in Universe, Sun, Meteorites,
Earth's Crust, Oceans and Human Body.
The solid state structure of Carbon is Simple Hexagonal.
The Crystal structure can be described in terms of its unit Cell. The unit Cells repeats itself in
dimensional space to form the structure.
The unit cell is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cell
Lattice Constants (a, b and c)
and the angles between them Lattice Angles (alpha, beta and gamma).
The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are described by the set of atomic positions (
xi, yi, zi) measured from a reference lattice point.
The symmetry properties of the crystal are described by the concept of space groups. All possible
symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional space are described by the 230 space groups
(219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.
Carbon atoms have 6 electrons and
the electronic shell structure is [2, 4] with Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3P0.
Shell Structure of Carbon - Electrons per energy
The ground state electronic configuration of Neutral Carbon atom is
[He] 2s2 2p2.
The portion of Carbon configuration that is equivalent to the noble gas of
the preceding period, is abbreviated as [He]. For atoms with many electrons, this
notation can become lengthy and so an abbreviated notation is used.This is important as it is
the Valence electrons 2s2 2p2, electrons in
the outermost shell that determine the chemical properties of the element.
Complete ground state electronic configuration for the Carbon atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration
1s2 2s2 2p2
Carbon atomic radius is 67 pm, while it's covalent radius is 77 pm.
The electron affinity of Carbon is 153.9 kJ/mol
Refer to table below for Ionization energies of Carbon
Refer to below table for Carbon Physical Properties
Carbon is Conductor of electricity. Refer to
below for the Electrical properties of Carbon
Refer to table below for Thermal properties of Carbon
Isotopes of rhodium. Naturally occurring Carbon has
2 stable isotope -
List of unique identifiers to search the element in various chemical registry databases