Element 83 of Periodic table is
Bismuth with atomic number 83,
atomic weight 208.98038.
Bismuth, symbol Bi, has a
Base Centered Monoclinic structure and Gray color.
Bismuth is a post-transition metal element.
Trivial name of Bismuth is pentels, pnictogens*.
Know everything about Bismuth Facts, Physical Properties, Chemical
Properties, Electronic configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.
Bismuth is a chemical element with symbol Bi and atomic number 83. Bismuth, a pentavalent post-transition metal, chemically resembles arsenic and antimony. Elemental bismuth may occur naturally, although its sulfide and oxide form important commercial ores.
Read key information and facts about element Bismuth
Explore our interactive periodic table
Periodic table is arranged by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus which is same as number of
The atomic number increases from left to right. Periodic table starts at top left ( Atomic number 1) and
ends at bottom right (atomic number 118). Therefore you can directly look for atomic number
83 to find Bismuth on periodic table.
Another way to read periodic table and locate an element is by using group number (column)
and period number (row). To locate Bismuth on periodic
table look for cross section of group 15 and period
6 in the modern periodic table.
Interactive Periodic Table to Understand
and Learn Cool Trends
The element Bismuth was discovered by Claude François Geoffroy in year
1400 in unknown place
derived its name from German word, now obsolete
The table below shows the abundance of Bismuth in Universe, Sun, Meteorites,
Earth's Crust, Oceans and Human Body.
The solid state structure of Bismuth is Base Centered Monoclinic.
The Crystal structure can be described in terms of its unit Cell. The unit Cells repeats itself in
dimensional space to form the structure.
The unit cell is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cell
Lattice Constants (a, b and c)
and the angles between them Lattice Angles (alpha, beta and gamma).
The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are described by the set of atomic positions (
xi, yi, zi) measured from a reference lattice point.
The symmetry properties of the crystal are described by the concept of space groups. All possible
symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional space are described by the 230 space groups
(219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.
Bismuth atoms have 83 electrons and
the electronic shell structure is [2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 5] with Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 4S3/2.
Shell Structure of Bismuth - Electrons per energy
The ground state electronic configuration of Neutral Bismuth atom is
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3.
The portion of Bismuth configuration that is equivalent to the noble gas of
the preceding period, is abbreviated as [Xe]. For atoms with many electrons, this
notation can become lengthy and so an abbreviated notation is used.This is important as it is
the Valence electrons 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3, electrons in
the outermost shell that determine the chemical properties of the element.
Complete ground state electronic configuration for the Bismuth atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3
Bismuth atomic radius is 143 pm, while it's covalent radius is 146 pm.
The electron affinity of Bismuth is 91.2 kJ/mol
Refer to table below for Ionization energies of Bismuth
Refer to below table for Bismuth Physical Properties
Bismuth is Conductor of electricity. Refer to
below for the Electrical properties of Bismuth
Refer to table below for Thermal properties of Bismuth
Isotopes of rhodium. Naturally occurring Bismuth has
1 stable isotope -
List of unique identifiers to search the element in various chemical registry databases